Effect of Different Feeding Programs on Carcass Traits of Broiler Chicks

Sarood Samal Shawkat1, Saman Abdulmajid Rashid1

 1 Department of Animal Science, College of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sulaimani. Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Original: 01/12/2017, Revised: 07/01/2018, Accepted: 06/02/2018, Published online:

DOI Link:   https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10678


Four handrad sixty eight day-old broiler chicks of Ross (308) were used during two stages, first a field experiment from 21st September 2015 to 2nd November 2015. Second lab analysis from 10th November 2015 to 8th January 2016. The experiment was applied on two weeks old chicks. The aim of the present research was to identify the effect of skip, remove and dilution of feed on broiler carcass performance. The birds randomly distributed equally into twelve treatments and each treatment subdivided into 3 replicates as follows:

T1 = Skip 0 day + Remove nothing + Dilution ratio (0:100) (Control), T2 = Skip 0 day + Remove nothing + Dilution ratio (10:90),T3 = Skip 0 day + Removing time (10:00am – 14:00pm) + Dilution ratio (0:100), T4 = Skip 0 day + Removing time (10:00am – 14:00pm) + Dilution ratio (10:90), T5 = Skip 0 day + Removing time (10:00am – 18:00pm) + Dilution ratio (0:100), T6 = Skip 0 day + Removing time (10:00am – 18:00pm) + Dilution ratio (10:90), T7 = Skip one day + Remove nothing + Dilution ratio (0:100), T8 = Skip one day + Remove nothing + Dilution ratio (10:90), T9 = Skip one day + Removing time (10:00am – 14:00pm) + Dilution ratio (0:100), T10 = Skip one day + Removing time (10:00am – 14:00pm) + Dilution ratio (10:90), T11 = Skip one day + Removing time (10:00am – 18:00pm) + Dilution ratio (0:100) and T12 = Skip one day + Removing time (10:00am – 18:00pm) + Dilution ratio (10:90).

Significant improvement (p0.05) in the breast percentage for T2 in male and T1 in female when compared with T3 in both sexes, the thigh percentage significant improvement (p0.05) for T3 in both sexes when compared with T7. Significant decrease (p0.05) in the abdominal fat percentage T3 for male and T4 for female when compared with T11 for male and T9 for female. Significant increased (p0.05) in glucose concentration for T4 in both sexes when compared with T6 for male and T5 for female.

  Key Words: Broiler, feeding programs, carcass traits.


[1] Duclos, M. J.; C. Berri, and E. L. Bihan-Duval, Muscle growth and meat quality. Appl. Poult. Res. 16:107–112. (2007).

[2] Musa, H. H.; G. H. Chen; J. H. Cheng; B. C. Li, and D. M. Mekki, Study on carcass characteristics of chicken breeds raised under the intensive condition. Int. J. Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 5: 530–533. (2006).

[3] Cuddington, S., High energy diets affect broiler chicken welfare. (2004).

[4] Dozier, W. A.; R. J. Lien; J. B. Hess; S. F. Bilgili; R. W. Gordon; C. P. Laster and S. L. Vieira, Effects of Early Skip-a-Day Feed Removal on Broiler Live Performance and Carcass Yield. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 11:297–303. (2002).

[5] Oyedeji, J. O. and J. O. Atteh, Response of broilers to feeding manipulations. Inter. J. of Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 4(2): 91-95. (2005).

[6] Ozkan, S.; I. Plavnik and S. Yahav, Effects of early feed restriction on performance and ascites development in broiler chickens subsequently raised at low ambient temperature. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 15: 9-19. (2006).

[7] Camacho, D. F.; C. Lopez; E. Avila and J. Arce, Evaluation of different dietary treatments to reduce ascites syndrome and their effects on corporal characteristics in broiler chickens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 11; 164-174. (2002).

[8] Nielsen, B. L.; M. Litherland and F. Nøddegaard, Effect of qualitative and quantitative feed restriction on the activity of broiler chickens. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 83: 309-323. (2003).

 [9] Ali, S. M. and H. O. Abdalla, Effect of diet dilution and quantitative feed restriction on the gastrointestinal tract of broiler chickens. University of Khartoum Journal of Agricultural Science. 14: 289-300. (2006).

[10] Petek, M., The effects of feed removal during the day on some production traits and blood parameters of broilers. Turkey Journal Veterinary Animal Science. 24:447-452. (2000).

[11] Rezaei, M.; A. Teimouri; J.  Pourreza; H. Sayyahzadeh and P.W. Waldropup, Effect of diet dilution in the starter period on performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chicks. Journal of Central European Agriculture. 7:63-70. (2006).

[12] De Silva, P. H. G. J. and A. Kalubowila, Influence of feed withdrawal for three hour time period on growth performance and carcass parameters of later stage of male broiler chickens. Iranian J. Appl. Anim. Sci., 2: 191-197. (2012).

[13] AOAC. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Appendix G: Guidelines for Collaborative Study Procedures to Validate Characteristics of a Method of Analysis, Official Methods of Analysis, 12p. (2002).

[14] XLSTAT, Addinsoft Pro version 7.5.3. http: // WWW.Xlstat.com/en/ho. (2004).

[15] Duncan, D. B., Multiple range test. Biometrics, 11: 1-42. (1955).

[16] Fayad, H. A. A. and S. A. H. Naji, Technology Poultry Products. The first edition, the printing press directorate of the Ministry of Higher Education. Baghdad. (1989).

[17] Fujita, M. and S. Yamamoto, Effects of Behavior Restriction on Gizzard Motility in Growing Layer Chickens. Nihon Chikusan Gakkaiho. 61 (8) P: 725-729. (1990).

[18] Okuda, Y.; M. Ono;  I. Shibata;  S. Sato and  H. Akashi, Comparison of the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism pattern of the fiber gene and pathogenicity of serotype-1 fowl adenovirus isolates from gizzard erosions and from feces of clinically healthy chickens in Japan. J Vet Diagn Invest. ; 18(2):162-7. (2006).

[19] Nwabuzor, C., Quantitative Feed Restriction on Broiler Chickens; Effect on the growth performance and carcass characteristics. Agriculture diary. (2008).


[20] Apeldoorn, E. J.; J. W. Scharama; M. M. Machaly and H. K. Parmentier, Effect of melatonin and lighting schedule on energy metabolism in broiler chickens. Int. J. of Poult. Sci., 78: 223229. (1999).

[21] Saleh, E. A., S. E. Watkins, A. L. Waldroup and P. W. Waldroup, Effects of early quantitative feed restriction on live performance and carcass composition of male broilers grown for further processing. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 14: 87-93. (2005).

[22] Sahraei, M. and, F. Shariatmadari, Effect of different levels of diet dilution during finisher period on broiler chickens performance and carcass characteristics. International Journal of Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 6: 280–282. (2007).

[23] Yang, Y. X; J. Guo and S. Y. Yoon,: Early energy and protein reduction: Effects on growth, blood profiles and expression of genes related to protein and fat metabolism in broilers. Brit. Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 50: 218–227. (2009)

[24] Sahraei, M., Feed restriction in broiler chickens production: A review. Global Veterinaria 8: 449–458. (2012).  

[25] Dozier, W. A.; R. J. Lien; J. B. Hess and S. F. Bilgili, Influence of early skip-a-day feed removal on live performance and carcass yield of broilers of different sexes and strain sources. J. Appl. Poult. Res., 12:439-448. (2003).

[26] Avcilar, Ö. V. and E. E. Onbasilar, Effects of breeder age and early energy restriction on fattening performance, some meat quality traits and plasma leptin concentration of broilers. Ankara Üniv Vet Fak Derg, 63; 69-76. (2016).  

[27] Ghazanfari, S.; H. Kermanshahi; M. R. Nassiry; A. Golian; A. R. H. Moussavi and A. Salehi, Effects of feed restriction and different energy and protein levels of the diet on growth performance and growth hormone in broiler chickens. J. Biol. Sci. 10:25-30. (2010).

[28] Benyi, K.; O. cheampong-Boateng and D. Norris, Effects of strain and different skip-a-day feed restriction periods on growth performance of broiler chickens. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 42:1421-1426. (2011).

[29] Abdel-Azeem, F. A.; A. A. Shafei; F. A. Mohammed and A. E. Farg, Productive and physiological performance of Saso broiler chickens as affected by different feeding systems. Egypt. Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 32 (I): (131-152). (2012).