Effects of Different Vegetable Oils and Animal Fat on Performance of Broiler Chicks

Barzan Fadhl Farıq AL-Jaf1, Muhammet Ali Kara2 , Rozhgar B. Saeed1

 Department Of Animal Science, College of Agricultural Sciences, University Of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

 2 Institute of Science, Siirt University, Turkey.

Original: 18/12/2017, Revised: 07/01/2018, Accepted: 06/02/2018, Published online:

DOI Link:  https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10687


This study was carried out to find out effects of different vegetable oil and animal fat on broiler chick’s performance. The aim of this research was to identify the effects of different sources of oils on productive performance of broiler chicks. The experimental period was from 8th March 2017 to 27th April 2017. An overall of two hundred sixty, day-old of Ross 308 broiler chicks were distributed randomly on five treatments (4 replicates each with (13 chicks/ replicate). The treatments include T1: Control (without oil and fat addition); T2: Adding canola oil (%4); T3: Adding corn oil (%4); T4: Adding animal fat (%4); T5: Adding sunflower oil (%4). During the period of study, three types of diets were applied: Starter diet (from one to 20 day of the study), grower diet (from 21 to 42 days of study) and finisher diet (from 43 to 49 days of the study). Results indicated that supplementation of diets with different types of oil and animal fat significantly (p<0.05) improved live body weight and weight gain and feed conversation ratioratio and feed intake and production index, at periods (1-49) day. However, the effect of different vegetable oil and animal fat had no significant effect on abdominal fat and dressing percentage at period (1-49) day. 

  Key Words:  Vegetable oil, animal fat, productive performance, broiler chicks


[1] Leeson S. and Atteh J.O. "Utilization of fats and fatty acids by turkey poults", Poult. Sci., Vol.(74), pp. 2003–2010. (1995).

 [2] Peebles, E. D., Zumwalt, C. D. Doyle,S. M. Gerard,P. D.,  Latour, M. A. Boyle, C. R. and Smith, T. W. "Effects of breeder age and dietary fat source and level on broiler hatching egg characteristics", Poult. Sci. Vol.(79), pp.698-704. (2000).

[3] Baião, N. C. and Lara, L. J. C. "Oil and fat in broiler nutrition", Braz. J. Poult. Sci., Vol.(1), pp.129-141. (2005).

[4] Latshaw, J. D. "Daily energy intake of broiler chickens is altered by proximate nutrient content and form of the diet",  Poult. Sci., Vol.(87), pp.89-95. (2008).

[5] Furlan R.L. and  Macari, M. “Lipids Digest e absorb”: Physiologic aviria aplicada a frangos de corte. Jaboticabal. Macari M, Furlan RL, Gonzles E. FUNEP; Cap. 11, p. 143. (2002).

[6] Scaife, J.R., Moyo, J., Galbraith, H., Michie, W. and  Campbell, V. "Effect of different dietary supplemental fats and oils on the tissue fatty acid composition and growth of female broilers",  Br Poult Sci 35: 107-118. (1994).

[7] Wilson, M. “All information in this article is for educational purposes only”, The Center For Development. March. (2015).

[8] Saleh, H., Rahimi, S.H. and Karimi Torshizi, M.A. "The effect of diet that contained fish oil on performance, serum pa-rameters, the immune system and the fatty acid composition of meat in broilers",  Int. J. Vet. Res., Vol.(3),pp. 69-75. (2009).

[9] Rose, S. P. “Principles of Poultry Science”,  CABI Publishing. (2001).

[10] Habib, D.F., Fahmi, A.A., Kholousy, N.M., Amin, A.I., Shalaby, M., Ahmed, M.M. and Shanab, A.M.A.  "The role of liver in leptin metabolism in experimental nephrotic syndrome",  EXCLI J., Vol.(10), pp.322-31. (2011).

[11] Sanz, M., Flores, A., Lopez-Bote, C.J. "The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation", British Poultry Science, Vol.(41), pp.61-68. (2000).

[12] Pesti, G. N., Bakalli,R. I. Qiao, M. and Sterling, K. G. A. "Comparison of eight grades of fats as broiler feed ingredients", Poult. Sci., Vol.(81), pp.382-390. (2002).

[13] NRC. “Nutrient Requirements of Poultry”, 9th rev. ed. Natl. Acad. Press, Washington, DC. (1994).

[14] XLSTAT, “Addinsoft Pro version 7.5.3”, www.xlstat.com/en/ho. (2004).

[15] Duncan, D. B., "Multiple range test", Biometrics, Vol.(11), pp.1-42. (1955).

[16] Baião, N. C. and Lara, L. J. C. "Oil and fat in broiler nutrition", Braz. J. Poult. Sci., Vol.(1), pp.129-141. (2005).

[17] Wiseman, J. “Utilization of fats and oils and prediction of their energy yielding value for nonruminants”, (2003).

[18] Wongsuthavas, S., Yuangklang, Wittayakun,C. S. Vasupen, K. Mitchaothai,J. Srenanual, P. and Beynen, A.C. "Dietary soybean oil, but not krabok oil, diminishes abdominal fat deposition in broiler chickens", Int. J. Poul. Sci., Vol.(6), pp.792-795. (2007).

[19] Bohnsack, C.R., Harms. R.H. Harms, Merkel, W.D. and Russell, G.B. "Performance of commercial layers when fed diets with four levels of corn oil or poultry fat", Journal of Applied Poultry Research, Vol.(11), pp.68-76. (2002).

[20] Bilal, T., Ozpinor, H., Abas, I. and Kutay, H.C. "The effect of different fat source used in broiler rations on performance, abdominal fat accumulation and fat digestibility", Arch. Geflügelkd., Vol.(65), pp.251-257. (2000).

[21] Newman, R.E., Bryden, W.L., Fleck, E., Ashes, J.R. and  Buttemer, W.A. "Dietary n-3 and fatty acids alter avian metabolism: molecular-species composition of breast-muscle phospholipids",  Br J Nut. Vol.(88), pp.19-28. (2002).

[22] Sell, J.L., Krogdahl, A. Hanyu, N. "Influence of age on utilization of supplemental fats by young turkeys",  Poult. Sci., Vol.(65), pp. 546-554. (1986).

 [23] Taylor, D.L. “Effect of maternal dietary fats and antioxidants on growth and bone development of commercial broilers”,  Research project: Departement of Animal and Poultry Science, Michigan State. (2000).

[24] Stanley, V. Krisdakasivivat, G.  and Alden, R.  "Effect of growth stimulants (supplementary iodine and bartracin MD) on abdominal fat deposits in broilers fed four levels of dietary fat" Poultry Sci., Vol.(67) (Suppl. 1), p.61. (1988).

[25] Chekani-Azar, S., Hosseini-Mansoub,  N., Bahrami, Y., Ahadi, F. and Lotfi, A. "Dietary fish oil improves performance and carcass characterizes of broilers immunized with sheep Erythrocytes", Int. J. Aca. Res., Vol.(2), p.94. (2010).

[26] Crespo, N. and Esteve-Garcia, E. "Dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids decrease fat deposition in separable fat depots but not in the remainder carcass",  Poult. Sci., Vol.(81), pp.1533-1542. (2002).

 [27] Lopez Ferrer, S., Baucells, M.D., Barroeta, A.C., Galobart, J. and Grashorn, M.A. "Enrichment of chicken meat. Use of precursors of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids: linseed oil", Poult. Sci. Vol.(80), pp.753-761. (2001).

[28] Joshi, A. and Sell, J. "Comparative values of soybean oil and animal tallow for Turkey",  Poult. Con. J. Anim. Sci., Vo.(44), pp.34-38. (1964).

[29] Ahmed, A. S., El-Bahr, S. M., and Al-Azraqi, A. A. "Effect of Canola and Olive Oils on Productive, Immunological and Some Biochemical Parameters of Broiler Chickens Fed Is Caloric and High Caloric Diets" Int. J. Pout. Sci., Vo.(12), No.12, p. 726. (2013).

[30] El Shanti, H. A. Ghazalah, A. Abdel-Khalek and Abu-Nada,  F. “XIII the European Poultry Conference”, Tours, France. (2011).

[31] Shingari, B.K., Metha, R.K. and Gill, S.S. "Effect of high density ration containing groundnut oil on the growth of broiler chicken",  Indian J. Anim. Sci., Vol.(45), pp. 25-27. (1975).

[32] Sell, J.L. and Owings, W.J. “Response of turkeys to supplemented fat. Influence of age of which fat is fed”, ISU Poultry Newsletter, Ps. 232, Iowa State University, Ames. (1983).

 [33] Abas, I., Ozpinar, H., Kahraman, R., Kutay, H.C., Eseceli, H. and Grashorn, M.A. "Effect of dietary fat sources and their levels on performance of broilers", Arch. Geflugelk., Vol.(68), pp.145-152. (2004).

[34] Nobakht, A., Tabatbaei, S., and Khodaei, S. "Effects of different sources and levels of vegetable oils on performance, carcass traits and accumulation of vitamine in breast meat of broilers", Crr. Res. J. Biol. Sci, Vol.(3), pp. 601–605. (2011).

[35] Bryant, M., Wu, G., and Roland, D. “Optimizing dietary energy for profit and performance of two strains of White Leghorns”: Poultry Science (Vol. 84, Pp. 114-114). 1111 N Dunlap Ave, Savoy, Il 61874-9604 Usa: Poultry Science Assoc Inc. (2005).

[36] Fuller, H.L. and Mario, I. "Energetic efficiency of different dietary fat for growth of young chicks",  Poultry Sci., Vol.(56), pp.459-557. (1977).

  [37] Christmas, R.B. and Harms, R.H. "Effect of energy on the performance of broiler chicks fed various levels of monensin",  Poultry Sci., Vol.(67), pp. 452-454. (1988).

 [38] Al Athari A.K. and Watkins B.A. "Distribution of Trans and is 18:1 fatty acid isomers in chicks fed different fats",  Poult. Sci., Vol.(67), pp.778-786. (1988).

[39] Jeffri, D., Firman, H. and Kamyab, A. "Comparison of soybean oil with an animal/vegetable blend at four energy levels in broiler rations from hatch to market",  Int. Poult. Sci., Vol.(9), pp.1027-1030. (2010).

[40] Hulan, H.W., Ackman, R.G., Ratnayake, W.M.N. and Proudfoot, F.G. "Omega-3 fatty acid levels and performance of broilers chickens fed redfish meal or redfish oil", Canadian J. Anim. Sci., Vol.(68),pp.533-547. (1988).

[41] Harms, R.H. and Russeli, G. "Performance of four strains of commercial layers with major charges in dietary energy",  Journal of Applied Poultry Research, Vol.(9), pp. 535-541. (2000).

[42] Rahimi, S., Kamran Azad, S. and Karimi Torshizi, M.A. "Omega-3 enrichment of broiler meat by using two oil seeds",  J. Agr. Sci. Tech., Vol.(13), pp.353-365. (2011).

[43] Dieumou, F. E., Teguia, A., Kuiate, J. R., Tamokou, J. D., Fonge, N.B. and Donogmo, M.C. "Effect of ginger (zingiber officinale) and garlic (Allium sativum) essential oils on growth performance and gut microbial population of broiler chicks",  Livestock Research for rural Development, Vol.(21), No.8, pp.21-33. (2009).

[44] Atteh, J.O.,  Leeson, S. and Julian, R.J. "Effect of dietary level and lyse of fat on performance and mineral metabolism of broiler chicks" Poltry Sci., Vol.(62), pp.2403-2411. (1983).

[45] Nwoche, G.N., Ndubuisi, E.C., Iheukwumere, F.C. "Effects of dietary oil on the performance of broiler chicks" International Journal of Agricultural and Rural Development, Vol.(4), pp. 81-86. (2003).

[46] Olorede, B.R. and  Longe, O.G. "Evaluation of molasses and palm oil in broiler chicken diets containing high level of shea butter cake" Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Environment, Vol.(1), pp.172-177. (1999).