jzs-10715

Correlation and path coefficient analysis of grain yield with yield components of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety Adana-99  

Shang Haseeb Abdulqader Noori & Shwana Ahmad Hussain Ghafoor

University of  Sulaimani - College of Agricultural Sciences – Sulaimani – Iraqi Kurdistan Region 


Abstract

The study performed to determine the relationship between yield and yield components of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety Adana-99, using data from a factorial experiment; 6 planting dates and 6 plant densities in CRBD within three replications. Results of the path coefficient confirmed that, grain yield was positively and highly significant associated with plant height, number of days to flowering, number of days to maturity, spike length, number of spikes/m2, number of seeds/spike, 1000 grain weight, biological yield, harvest index and grain yield. Path coefficient analysis showed that the magnitude of positive direct effect on grain yield was highest through number of days to maturity which was (0.657) and followed by biological yield (ton/ha) which was (0.650), whereas number of days to flowering with (-0.425) recorded maximum negative direct effect on grain yield. The results suggest that all the characters showing highly significant correlation with grain yield in the process selection much attention should be given to them as these characters in future wheat breeding programs for increasing yield.    

Key Words: Wheat, Correlation coefficient, path analysis, direct and indirect effect on grain yield. 


  References:

[1] Ijaz, S. and Khan, I.A. “Molecular characterization of wheat germplasm using microsatellite markers”. Genet Mol Res. Vol. (8), No.3, pp:809-815. (2009).

[2] Jolánkai, M., Szentpétery, Z.S., Hegedủs, Z. “Pesticide residue discharge dynamics in wheat grain”. Cereal research communications. Vol. (34), No.1, pp:505-509. (2006).

[3] Falaki, A.M., Miko, S., Mohammed, I.B., Abubakar, I.U. and Valencia, J.A. “Evaluation of some improved bread wheat varieties at Chiyako, Jigawa state, Nigeria”. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science. Vol. (4), No.4, pp:4. (2009).

[4] Chhibber, S. and Jain, D. “Inter correlation studies among yield and its contributing traits in bread wheat genotypes grown in Haryana, India (Triticum aestivum L.) ”. International Journal of Current Research and Review, Vol. (6), No.12, pp:12. (2014).

[5] Reza, Nasri, A. K., Farzad P., Saeed V. and Barry, M. “Correlation, path analysis and stepwise regression in yield and yield component in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under the temperate climate of Ilam province, Iran”. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, Vol. (4), No.4, pp:188-198. (2014).

[6] Gelalcha, S. and Hanchinal, R. “Correlation and path analysis in yield and yield components in spring bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotype under the irrigated condition in Southern India”. African Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. (8), No.24, pp:3186-3192. (2013).

[7] Iftikhar, R., Khaliq, I., Kashif, M., Ahmad, M. and Ullah, S. “Study of morphological traits affecting grain yield in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under field stress condition”. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. (11), pp:19-23. (2012).

[8] Mohammadi, M., Sharifi, P., Karimizadeh, R. and Shefazadeh, M. K. “Relationships between grain yield and yield components in bread wheat under different water availability (dry land and supplemental irrigation conditions)”. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, Vol. (40), No.1, pp:195. (2012).

[9] Tsegaye, D., Dessalegn, T., Dessalegn, Y. and Share, G. “Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in durum wheat germplasm (Triticum durum Desf)”. Agricultural Research and Reviews, Vol. (1), No.4, pp:107-112. (2012).

[10] Zafarnaderi, N., Charizad, S. and Mohammadi, S. “Relationship between grain yield and related agronomic traits in bread wheat recombinant inbred lines under water deficit condition”. Annals of Biological Research, Vol. (4), No.4, pp:7-11. (2013).

[11] Ali, I. and Shakor, E. “Heritability, variability, genetic correlation and path analysis for quantitative traits in durum and bread wheat under dry farming conditions”. Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture, Vol. (40), No.4, pp:27-39. (2012).

[12] Anwar, J., Ali, M., Hussain, M., Sabir, W., Khan, M., Zulkiffal, M. and Abdullah, M. “Assessment of yield criteria in bread wheat through correlation and path analysis”. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, Vol. (19), No.4, pp:185-188. (2009).

[13] Bhutta, W. M., Akhtar, J., Anwar-ul-Haq, M. and Ibrahim, M. “Cause and effect relations of yield components in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under normal conditions”. Caderno de Pesquisa Sér. Bio., Santa Cruz do Sul, Vo. (17), No.1, pp:7-12 (2005).

[14] Bhutto, L.A., Soomro, Z.A., Ansari, B.A., Jarwar, A.R., Jalbani, B.H. “Estimation of phenotypic correlation between grain yield and Its main components in Brassica species”. Indus J. of P Sci. Vol. (3), No.4, pp:327-331. (2005).

[15] Meyari, S., Nouri F., Sasani, S., Najafian, G. and Aghayari, F. “Correlation and path analysis of grain yield and its components of some bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under normal and source restriction conditions”. Int. J. Farming and Allied Sci. Vol. (2), No.23, pp:1065-1069.

[16] Khayatnezhad, M., Zaefizadeh, M., Gholamin, R. and Jamaati-e-Somarin, Sh. “Study of Genetic Diversity and Path Analysis for Yield in Durum Wheat Genotypes under Water and Dry Condition”. World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. (9), No.6, pp:655-665. (2010).

[17] Zakizadeh, M., Esmaeilzadeh, M. and Kahrizi, D. “Study on genetic variation and relationship between plant characteristics and grain yield in long spike bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes-using multivariate analysis”. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences, (in Persian),Vol. (12), No.2, pp:18-30. (2010).

[18] Amri, M., Kazemi-Arbat, H. and Rustaei, M. “Relation Ships of some morphologic and physiologic traits with grain yield and its components in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)”. The 1th national conference of new concepts in agriculture. Islamic Azad University. Savah branch. (2011).

[19] Foroozanfar, M., Bihamta, M.R., Peyghambary, A. and Zeynali, H. “Evaluation of Bread Wheat Genotypes Under Normal and Water Stress Conditios SNPS for Agronomic Traits”. The Science of Sustainable Agriculture Journal. No.21, pp:33-46. (2011).

[20] Taleei, A. and Bahram-Nejad, B. “A Study of Relationship Between Yield and Its Components in Landrace Populations of Wheat from Western Parts of Iran Using Multivariate Analysis”. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences. Sci. Vol. (34), No.4, pp:949-959. (2003).

[21] Mohammadi, A., Majidi, E., Bihamta, M.R. “Heidari Sharifabad S. Evaluation of drought stress on agro - morphological characteristics in some wheat cultivars”. Pajouhesh & Sazandegi, No.73,pp:184-192. (2007).

[22] D.K. Ayer, A. Sharma, B.R. Ojha and A. Paudel and K. Dhakal. “Correlation and path coefficient analysis in advanced wheat genotypes”. SAARC. J. Agri. Vol. (15), No.1, pp:1-12. (2017).

[23] Mollasadeghi, V.A.A. Imani, R. Shahryari and M. Khayatnezhad. “Correlation and path analysis of morphological traits in different wheat genotypes under end drought stress condition”. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, Vol. (7). No.2, pp:221-224. (2011).

[24] Sing, R.K. and Chaudhary, B.D. “Biometrical Methods in Quantitative Genetic Analysis”. Rev. ed, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana, New Delhi. India. pp:318. (1985).

[25] Dewey, D.R. and Lu, K.H. “A correlation and path-coefficient analysis of components of crested wheatgrass grain production”. Agronomy Journal. Vol. (51), pp:515-518. (1959).

[26] Soomro, Z.A. “Estimation of gene action and selection parameter in quantitative and qualitative traits of (Gossypium hirsutum L.)”, Ph.D. Thesis, Sindh Agri. Unv. Through department of plant breeding and genetics, Faculty of crop production, Tandojam, (2010).

[27] Arbuckle, J.L. “Amos 18 Users, Guide. Amos Development Corporation”. SPSS Inc., USA. ISBN-13: 978-1-56827-404-1, (2009).

[28] Sreelatha, D., Rao, K.L, Veeraraghavaiah, R. and Padmaja, M. “ Physiological variations in French bean cultivars as affected by sowing dates”. Ann. Agric. Res. Vol. (18), pp:111-114. (1997).

[29] Korres, N.E., Froud-Williams, R.J. “Effect of winter wheat cultivars and seed rate on the biological characteristics of naturally occurring weed flora”. Weed Res. Vol. (42), No.6, pp: 417. (2002).

[30] L. F. Garcia del Moral, J. M. Ramos, M. B. Garcia del Moral, and M. P. “Jimenez- Tejada, Ontogenetic approach to grain production in spring barley based on path coefficient analysis”. Crop Sci., Vol. (31), pp:1179-1185. (1991).

[31] Subhani, G.M. and I. Khaliq. “Path coefficient analysis in wheat”. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, Vol. (37), No.11, pp:474-476. (1994).

[32] Chaturvedi, B.K. and R.R. Gupta. “Selection parameters for some grain and quality attributes in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)”. Agricultural Science Digest Kernal, Vol. (15), No.4, pp:186-190. (1995).

[33] Sharma, D.J., R.K. Yadav, and R.K. Sharma. “Genetic variability and association of some yield components in winter-spring nursery of wheat”. Advances in Plant Sciences, Vol. (8). No.1, pp:95-99. (1985).

[34] Khan, H.A., Shaik, M.and Mohammad S. “Character association and path coefficient analysis of grain yield and yield components in wheat”. Crop Research Hisar. Vol. (17), No.2, pp:229-233. 1999.

[35] Belay, S., Struik, P.C., Nachit, M.M. and Peacock, J.M. “Ontogenic analysis of yield components and yield stability of durum wheat in water- limited environments”. Euphytica Vol. (71), No.3, pp:211-219. (1993).

[36] Aycecik, M. and Yildirim, T. “Path coefficient analysis of yield and yield components in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes”. Pak J. Bot. Vol. (38), No.2, pp:417-424. (2006).

[37] Sherwan I. T., Sh. H. Abdulqader, D. A. Abdulkhaleq and Sh. J. Hama. “The Simple Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis for Yield and Some Yield Components of Durum Wheat in Two Seasons in Iraqi Kurdistan”. Vol. (18), No.3, pp:323-332. (2016).

[38] Hoxha, S., and H. Sulovari. “The relation of the production with some quantitative characteristic hard wheat literature up date on wheat, barley and Triticaly”. CIMMYT. Vol. (5), No.6. (1999).

[39] Anjani K. S., S. B. Singh, A.P. Singh and A. K. Sharma. “Genetic variability, characters association and path analysis for seed yield and its component characters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under rainfed environment”. Indian J. Agric. Res., Vol. (46), No.1, pp: 48-53. (2012).