Determination of Sulphate in Water by Die Technique and the Detection of Ca+2 and Mg+2 in their Mixture


Fadhil M. Najib, Ahmad M. Abdulla, Sardir Zewar

College of Science, University of Sulaimani



Abstract
The new thermometric sensor developed in this laboratory (Talanta-2007,71(l),141-148) has Been
applied here for the determination of sulphate ion in water samples.A (20 ml) aliquot of standard or
natural watersampleacidified
with (1 ml)of (lMHCl)isplaced inthe thermometric cell. The cell
is covered with the press-on lid, so that the sensor is completely covered by the liquid. The
vertical stirrer is placed down the cell and stirred, When the thermal equilibrium is recorded, (0.5 ml)
of (1.5M) barium acetate solution is injected rapidly by a syringe. The output signal is recorded
and measured as a peak height during (30 sec.) Following the injection, and also read from the digital
avometer, The calibration curve is drawn between (AmV) or (AT) vs. (ppm) sulphate. It was linear in
tle range (10 - 110) ppm sulphate with 12 = 0.9991. The method was used for the determination of
sulphate in different samples of water containing between 21 - 430 ppm with precision better than 5o4
and gave no significant difference when compared with a reference method at 95oh confidence limit
(DOF = 6) using t-test of paired comparison. In this paper another successful test of the sensor was
performed
to evaluate its response fbr a mixture of Caz- and Mg2* ions.

Keywords: DIE technique, sulphate in water, a new thermometric sensor, detection of
Ci* and Mg2* ions in the presence of each other  


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