Assessment of Factors contributed to Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) incidence in Sulaimani Teaching Hospital

Samir Y. Lafi

College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani

The study objectives are to assess the incidence of the risk factors that contribute to the (UTI), and to
find out the relationship between UTI and some demographic characteristic such as age, gender, marital
status, and educational level.
A descriptive study was carried out in the Sulaimani Teaching Hospital (Kurdistan Region),
The data were collected through the use of constructed questionnaire, which consisted of two parts: the firs
one consist of (6) items which include the demographic information, and the second part consist of (13) items
include contributing factors to (UTI).The study started from the middle of August 2007 up to the end of June
2008.To achieve the objectives of the study, a non-probability (purposive) sample of (50) patient: males, and
females, who had (UTI), and admitted to the teaching hospital from the period of august 2007 up to April of
2008.The content validity of the instrument was established through a penal of (9) experts. Reliability of the
instrument was determined through the split-half approach, (r=78).
Data was gathered by interview technique using the questionnaire formal and data was analyzed by
application of descriptive and inferential statistical method.
The results of the study indicate that there is no association between (age, sex, level of education and marital
status) and occurrence of UTI.

Keywords: Contributed factors, Urinary tract, infection, E coli.

1. Kunin, C.; Urinary tract infection: Detection, Prevention, and Management, 5th Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1997, 28-29 
2. Saks, M, Center of Diseases Control (CDC). ; Urinary Tract infections in adults, vital and health statistics 2004 ,13(157),9. 
3. Hooton, TM and Stamm, WE. Diagnosis and treatment of un complicated urinary tract infection, Infect Dis clin North Am:1997,17(11), 551. 
4. Gulfareen, H and Nishat, Z.; Risk factors of Urinary Tract infections in pregnancy, J PAK Med Assoc, 2010,62 (3), 213-216. 
5. Malterud K. and Baerheim A.; Symptom experiences in women with lower urinary tract infection, Scand J prim Health care, 1999,17(1),49-53. 
6. Lewis S. and Heitkemper M. and Dirkesen S. Medical-Surgical Nursing, 5thed, Philadelphia: Mosby, 2000,1262. 
7. Mantic S. & Mclean M.; Medical- Surgical Nursing, 5th, Philadelphia : Mosby, 2000,1268. 
8. Lemone P. and Burke K.  Medical- Surgical Nursing. Critical thinking in Clint care, 3rded, USA: prentice Hall, 2004,221. 
9. Lewis S. and Heilkemper M. Medical-Surgical Nursing, Assessment and Management of clinical problems, 7thed, Canada, Australia: Mosby, 2007,1156. 
10. Marchiondo K. Anew look at urinary tract infection, American Journal of Nursing (AJN), 1998,98(34),79-88. 
11. Christensen B. and Kockrow E. : Foundation of Nursing, 4thed, USA : Mosby, 2003, 340. 
12. Gokula R.; Inappropriate use of urinary catheters in elderly patients at a Midwestern community teaching hospital, American Journal of Infection Control, 2004,32(4), 445. 
13. Schaeffer AJ. ; Infection of urinary tract, 7th ed, Philadelphia: Saunders, 1998,778. 
14. Baerheim A, Digranes A, Sureen R.; Generalized symptoms in adult women with acute uncomplicated lower UTI: an observational study, Medscape General Medicine  (Med Gen Med), 2003,5(1),53.