Assessment of behavioral characteristics of patients with depressive disorder variables in psychiatric unit in sulaimani general hospital


Arazo A. Jassim

School of Nursing, University of Sulaimani 



Abstract:
The objective of the study is to assessing the behavioral characteristics of patients with
depressive Disorder. A descriptive study was conducted with the aim of the study. To obtain
reliable and valid data, a questionnaire was developed according to the objectives of the
study. A questionnaire consists of 2 parts, each of which aimed at collecting information and
data as follows, part(I): general information concerning patient's socio-demographical
characteristics, part (II): A list of 40 items describing expected behavioral characteristics in
seven aspects. A purposive sample is used which consists of (50) in-patients in psychiatric
unit in sulaimani general hospital. The patients and their relatives were interviewed for data
collection procedure. The empirical field work was carried out. Descriptive and inferential
statistical methods were used in the analysis of the results using mean and SD to describe
behavioral characteristics. The findings revealed that the most depressive patients with the
age around 35.5 years, mostly female (68%), married (58%), un employed (68%) and have
low level of education, as 42% of them have basic education and 36% illiterate. In addition,
the findings revealed that high mean score of 12 behavioral characteristics are identified by
aspects, in negative self-concept, three behaviors are identified: "patients feel not respected
by other" (M=1.84), "where no good qualities" (M=1.54) and" have no self worth"
(M=1.50). In social detachment the behavior is "I prefer to sit alone" (M=1.66). In passivity
"I feel I am pushed by others to actions when I am not ready" (M=1.560). In somatic
complaint, the patient behaviors that have their " appetite (M=2.92), sleep (M=2.88), weight
(M=2.66) are not increased. In depressive verbal content "I believe that life is nothing" and
"I wish I could get rid of my life" M=1.50 and Abnormal traits "patients believe that people
are unfair in interacting with them" (M=1.60).

Keywords: behavioral characteristics, depressive disorders

References
1. Al-Chani, intesar, 1989 "Identification of behavioral patterns of depression patients" (MSc thsis), University .Baghdad.
2. American Psychiatric Association 2000 "Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders" Fourth Edition, Text Revision: DSM-IV-TR. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.
3. Andrews, G.; 2008 "Reducing the Burden of Depression". Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 53 (7): 420–27.
4. Boyd, A.M.; 2005 ''Psychiatric nursing contemporary practice'' 3rd edition, Lippincott Company, USA, pp. 334,910
5. Boyd, A.M.; 2008 ''Psychiatric nursing contemporary practice'' 4th edition, Lippincott Company, USA, pp. 348
6. Elisha M. Tarlow and David A. F. Haaga, 2002 "Negative Self-Concept: Specificity to Depressive Symptoms and Relation to Positive and Negative Affectivity" American University, Washington.
7. Fortinash and Worret, 2000 "psychiatric mental health nursing" Mosby, New York, pp. 267-269.
8. Frisch, C.N.; 2006 ''Psychiatric mental health nursing'' 3rd edition, Thomson, Canada, pp. 160-281
9. Johnstone, C.; 2004 ''Companion to psychiatric studies'' 7th edition, Churchill Livingston, China, pp. 424, 426-427
10. Jorm, A.F., Angermeyer, M., Katschnig, H.; 2000 "Public knowledge of and attitudes to mental disorders: a limiting factor in the optimal use of treatment services". in Andrews G, Henderson S (eds). Unmet Need in Psychiatry:
Problems, Resources, Responses. Cambridge University Press. Page 409.
11. Kuehner, C.; 2003 "Gender differences in unipolar depression: An update of epidemiological findings and possible explanations" Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 108 (3): 163–74
12. Morrison V. and Valfre M.; 2005 "foundations of mental health care" 3rd edition, Elisevier mosby, USA, pp. 211-222.
13. Muhsin, s.salwa, 1989 "preliminary study about patients with depression" scientific Journal in nursing, Volume 5, No. 1, pp. 77-91.
14. National Depressive and Manic-Depressive Association. 730 North Franklin Street, Suite 501, Chicago, IL 60610-3526. (800) 826-3632.
15. Rickards, H.; 2005 "Depression in neurological disorders: Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke". Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 76: i48–i52.
16. Sadock, Benjamin J.; Sadock, Virginia A..; 2007 ''Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry. Behavioral sciences /clinical psychiatry'' 10th edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, USA, pp. 527-535.
17. Strik, J.J.; Honig A, Maes M.; 2001 "Depression and myocardial infarction: relationship between heart and mind". Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry 25 (4): 879–92.
18. Townsend, C. M.; 2005 ''Essential of psychiatric mental health nursing'' 3rd edition, F.A.Davis Company, USA. Pp. 297-300
19. Winokur, G. and Clayton, P.; 1994 ''The medical basis of psychiatry'' 2nd edition, Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders.