The 2D resistivity imaging method in mountainous area over different slope

Bakhtiar Qader Aziz

Faculty of Science and Education   University of Sulaimani

Assessing the reliability of the 2D electrical resistivity imaging method is investigated in
mountainous areas. Several profiles are surveyed on different surface slopes ranging
between 17° to 55° degrees. Two types of electrode arrays with different electrode spacing
(2.0, 3.0 and 5.0 meters) are used. Repeated measurements are carried out for each profile
by using different field parameters such as data density, pulse duration and voltage. The
inverse sections are compared with the drilled bore holes in the area. The results show
that the 2D resistivity imaging works well in the mountainous area when suitable field
parameters are selected. The study has proved that the inverse sections are highly
sensitive to the number of data points. The optimal number of data points has direct
relation with surface slope, number of electrodes and electrode spread. On the other hand
pulse durations and voltages magnitude have no significant effects on the quality of the
field data. An empirical equation is suggested for the optimal acceptable number of data
points that has a direct relation to the profile length, number of electrodes, electrode
spacing and angle of the slope.

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