Afaltoxin M1 Contamination in Some Mothers Breast Milk in the City of Erbil

1 Avan Farouq Qadir, 2 Mouafaq Mohamad Ali
1 Food Science Department, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Suleimany, 2 Food Technology Department, College of Agriculture, University of Mosul, Mosul,

Aflatoxin is a carcinogenic compound with high toxicity levels and is one of
mutagens factors that have adverse effects on many vital body events, in addition to its
effect on the body immune system. To study the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in the
mother’s milk that depend on breast and mixed lactation, in the governorate of Erbil, 20
milk samples were collected from Rezgari hospital of Erbil city. The aflatoxins estimation
has been done using the TLC method. The results showed the presence of AFM1 in 16
samples (80% of total samples) with the range of 0.1-3.01 μg/l. When comparing the results
with the internationally acceptable values, it shows that most of the obtained results were
much higher than the value limits depending on the U.S. FDA and European Union
regulations as well.

Keywords: aflatoxin M1; breast milk; TLC method.


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