GIS Application Analysis Earthquake Data to Evaluate Risk Assessments of Seismic Hazard in Kurdistan of Iraq Using Probabilities

Rebaz Nawzad Mohammed1, Nabaz Ghareeb Mohammed2 and Kamaran H. M. Ali Faraj1

1 University of Sulaimani, Department of Computer Science, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
2 Directorate of Water, GIS department, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq,

Earthquakes in Kurdistan of Iraq are unorganized natural disaster, that happens
without any schedule or any knowledge of when and where they may occur. However, it
is important to know where and when they may happen or at least identify the risk
locations, strength of the danger, numbers of occurrence per area (density) and predict
the future earthquakes if possible, which are the key issues of this paper. The answer to
these issues can be achieved through earthquake data evaluation. Hence it is important
to look into the earthquake data from the past, and evaluates them through the power of
GIS (Geographical Information System) application; this will build a method that will
develop the access to the answers to the key issues through a spatial analytical
procedure, as the answer helps future planning and risk assessments. GIS can evaluate
seismic hazard and risk analysis, as it demonstrates an environment with many features
that uses to carryout statistical and spatial analysis efficiently. The application first looks
at the data in details, afterwards it allocates the information to each administrative area in
the province of Kurdistan accordingly and maps the data vividly to produce graphical
results to the issues and their answers, that are easier to illustrate the results. Eventually,
the data needs to be examined for any available patterns that help for the future
earthquake prediction, if there are any data. problem and your proposed technique to
address it.

Key Words: GIS, earthquakes, seismic hazard, risk Assessments, Kurdistan of Iraq. 

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