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Rainfall Event Analysis for Urban Flooding Study Using Radar Rainfall Data.

Rebar Muhammad Jaza Mahmmud

Directorate of Groundwater-Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Urban flooding is one of the most serious challenges facing urban areas and causes
destruction of properties and major problems for people living in urban areas. It
occurs in an urban area when intense convective rainfall happens that is higher than
the capacity of the urban drainage system. Rainfall data can be recorded by radar and
by rain gauge. It is essential for urban flooding studies to have access to high quality
rainfall data in attempting to reduce and tackle this challenge. The main aim of this
paper is to test the quality of radar data by means of rainfall event analysis. Radar
data obtained from Yorkshire Water were analysed and compared to rain gauge data
during selected rainfall events in a study area located in North Yorkshire in the UK.
Rainfall intensity curves within 5 minute and one-hour intervals, cumulative rainfall
depth curves and normalised bias were used as standard methods for comparison
between radar and rain gauge data during the selected rainfall events. Available data
were collected for June, July, and October 2008 and were recorded from Blackhill,
Harrogate North, and Helmsley rain gauges, and radar data for these same locations
were also collected. The results of this thesis show that certain errors might have an
impact on radar data in terms of quality. Some such errors caused overestimation of
radar rainfall data, such as anomalous propagation error and error related to
thunderstorm. However, other errors, such as attenuation, caused underestimation in
radar rainfall data.

Key Words: Rainfall event analysis, Urban flooding, Comparison of radar and rain gauge data, Quality of radar data Sources of error in
radar and rain gauge data 


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