Effect of Pro.Sol and Folicist on some vegetative growth Characters of Olive transplants (Olea europaea L.) cvs. Sorany and Picual (a)

Azad A. Mayi1 ,Gulala M. A. Saeed2

1-Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Duhok
2- Department of Horticulture, Agriculture Technical College of Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University

This study was carried out during the growing season (2014) in Bakrajo Nursery
Station/ Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq. Uniform and healthy olive Olea europaea
L.) cvs. Sorany and Picual transplants of (2) years old were used. Transplants were
grown in pots each of (5 kg) weight, to investigate the effect of three Folicist
concentrations (0, 60 and 120 mg.L-1, three concentrations of Pro-Sol (0,100 and
200mg.L-1) and their interactions on vegetative growth of Olive cvs. Sorany and
Picual transplants. The results showed that as follow: Foliar sprays of Folicist
significantly dominated over Pro.Sol at all vegetative growth characters, except plant
height, lateral shoot lengths. Picual cv. significantly dominated over cv. Sorany at all
vegetative growth characters, except laterals future fertilization requirements,
shoot length and leaf number/shoot. The interactions between Pro-Sol, Folicist and
cv. Sorany affected significantly on most of the vegetative growth characteriste.
While, Pro.Sol, Folicist and cv. Picual interaction increased stem diameter.

Key WordsPro.Sol, Folicist, Olive cultivar, Vegetative growth characters


[1] Agha, J.T and D.A. Daoud. Evergreen Fruit production Part1. Mosul University..Iraq P. 567-630 [In Arabic].
[2] Al-Rawi, K. M and A. Khalafalla. Analysis of Experimental Agriculture Disgen. Dar Al-Kutub for Printing and
Publishing. Mosul Univ. (1980).
[3] Bartolucci, P. and B. R. Dhakal. Olive Growing in Nepal. TCP/NEP/6713. Field Document-1. (1999).
[4] Benton, J. Soil Testing and plant Analysis: Guides to the fertilization of horticulture crops. Hort. Rev., 7: 1- 68.(
[5] Elloumi, O., M. Ghrab and M. Ben-Mimoun. Responses of olive trees (cv. Chemlali) after five years of experiment
to potassium mineral nutrition under rain fed condition. The Proceedings of the International Plant Nutrition
Colloquium. XVI UC Davis. ( 2009).
[6] Eryüce, N. and G. Püskülcü.. Mineral Nutrition and Some Quality Characteristics of the Main Olive Cultivars of
Western Turkey. International Symposium on Quality of Fruit and Vegetables: Influence of Pre- and Post-Harvest
Factors and Technology, Chania, Greece, 20-24 Sep. 1993. ActaHortic. 379: 193-198. (1995).
[7] FAO & UNDP,. Rome. Modern Olive Growing.( 1977).

[8] Fayed, T.A. 2010. Response of Four Olive Cultivars to Common Organic Manures in Libya. American-Eurasian J.
Agric. & Environ. Sci., 8 (3): 275-291, 2010
[9] Gaafar, R. M. and M. M. Saker. Monitoring of cultivars identity andgenetic stability in strawberry varieties grown
in Egypt. World J. Agric. Sci. 2 (1): 29-36. (2006).
[10] Hafez, O. M. and I. M. El-Metwally. Efficiency of Zinc and Potassium Sprays Alone or in Combination with Some
Weed Control Treatments on Weed Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Washington Navel Orange Orchards. J. Sc. Res.
Egypt., 3(7): 613-621. .(2007).
[11] Hill, M. and A. Giacosa. The Mediterranean diet. Eur J Cancer http://www.crfg.org\pubs\ff\olive.
html)http://www. Uni-graz at \ ~ katzer\. Engl\ olea-eur.html.http://www. Olive oil source. Com\ varietals
freame.html. (1992).
[12] Ibrahim, A. M. Fruit trees, basic of plantations, services and productions. First publish, Delta center for
publishing, Arabic Egypt republic, P: 32.( 1998).
[13] Ibrahim, A. M. and M. N. H. Khalaef . Olive tree planting, protection and production. Egypt : 46-47. (2007).
[14] Ibrahim, Z.R. Effect of Foliar Application of NAA, KNO3 and Fe on Vegetative Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of
Peach (Prunus persicaL.) cv. Early Coronet. M. Sc. Thesis. DuhokUnversity. Iraq. (2005).
[15] Jordao, P.V.; M.E. Marcelo and M.S.L. Centeno. Effect of cultivar on leaf-mineral composition of olive tree. Acta
Hort. 474: 349-352. Proc. 3rd Int. ISHS Symp on Olive growing.( 1999).
[16] Khadam,W. and Flip N. Effect of the environmental condition on the quantity and quality of oil fruits of some olive
cultivars.( 1998.)
[17] Khalifa, GH. F.H. Effect of planting .date and on growth and yield characteristics of two variety of strawberry
(Fragaria x ananassaDuch), M.Sc. Thesis, Agriculture and Forest college, Mosul University, Ministry of Higher
Education and Scientific Research. Iraq. ( 2007).
[18] Mahdi, F. T. Development of olive plantation. Popular company of Horticulture and Forestry. Ministry of
Agriculture. Iraq. (2007).
[19] Popovic, M.; D. Malencic; O. Gasic and B. Lazovic. The influence of different nitrogen concentrations on NO3 and
protein content in olive leaves. Third international symposium on olive growing, Chania, Crete, Greece, 22-26 Sep.
1997. Acta-Horticulturae, 474: 329-331. (1999).
[20] Restrepo-Diaz, H., M. Benlloch, C. Navarro and R. Fernandez-Escobar. Potassium Fertilization of rain fed olive
orchards. Sci. Hort. 116: 399-403. (2008).
[21] SAS Institute, Inc. The SAS system. Relase 6.12. Cary, NC. (1996)
[22] Shaker, I.A. Olive food and medicine, Agriculture bulletin sequestered from Nainawa agriculture office/Guidance
Depart, No. 1, V,1-15. 1989.
[23] Shaymaa Mahfodh Abdul-Qader. Effect of cultivar, organic manure, urea spray and their interactions on
vegetative growth, flowering, quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Olive (Olea europaea L.).Ph D. Thesis,
faculty of agriculture and forestry, Duhok University, Kurdistan-Iraq. (2012).
[24] Stark, A. H. and Z. Madar Olive oil as a functional food: Epidemiology and nutritional approaches. Nutr Rev, 60: 170-6. (2002).
[25] Trichopoulou, A. Olive oil and breast cancer. Cancer Causes Control, 6, 475-476. (1995).