The Simple Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis for Yield and Some Yield Components of Durum Wheat in Two Seasons in Iraqi Kurdistan.

Sherwan I. Tawfiq, Shang H. Abdulqader, Dana A. Abdulkhaleq and Shara J. Hama

University of Sulaimani - Faculty of Agricultural Sciences – Sulaimani – Iraqi Kurdistan Region


This investigation was conducted during the winter seasons of 2012-2013 and 2013-2014
at Qlyasan Agriculture Research Station, Faculty of Agricultural sciences, University of
Sulaimani, using split plot design the main plots conducted in Randomized Completely
Block Design (RCBD) with three replicates to study the effect of organic matter and
removal treatments on the yield of durum wheat Ovanto cultivars. Highly significant and
positive correlations recorded between grain yield & spike weight, grain weight/spike
and harvest index at the first season. At the second season highly significant and positive
correlation were recorded between grain yield and spike weight and harvest index and
significant and positive correlation with spike length and biological yield at the second
season. Concerning the path coefficient analysis, grain yield represented the dependent
variable and no. of spikes/m2, spike weight/m2, average spike length, no. of
spikelets/spike, no. of grains/spike, grains weight/spike,1000-grain weight, biological
yield (t/ha) , harvest index and grain yield (t/ha), were the independent ones. Maximum
and positive direct effect in grain yield recorded by grain weight/spike at the first season
and harvest index at the second season reaching 0.639 and 0.822 respectively.

Key Words:
Durum wheat, Yield,
Correlation coefficient
and path analysis


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