A Phytoplankton Distribution study of Dukan basin in Sulaimani district -Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Trifa  Kamal Farkha1 & Adil Othman Fatah1 

1Faculty of Science and Science education-University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region of Iraq
E-mail: trifakamal_57@yahoo.com
adil.fatah@univsul.edu.iq


Original: 01.07.2015Revised: 22.10.2015Accepted:28.01.2016Published online: 20.06.2016


DOI Link: 

ABSTRACT

The Phytoplankton species composition have been studied at eight stations from four selected streams: Tabin, Charmaga, Chamirezan and Surqawshan  in Dukan basin within Sulaimani district during August 2010 to July 2011. Some physical and chemical properties of the streams water were determined. Air and water temperature values were varied   between (3 to 43 oC) and (5 to 29 oC) ,respectively. Upon investigation, the pH range of the sites was 7-9.4 indicating alkalinity of the water bodies. Calcium concentrations always dominated over the other ions. Calcium values were varied   between (10 to 74 mg/l). Sodium and potassium concentration ranged between (0.66 to 16.5 mg/l) and (0.3 to 3.4 mg/l) respectively.  Chloride concentrations never fall below 10 mg/l and never exceed 58 mg/l. throughout the studied period. A total of 136 phytoplankton taxa  were identified which belong to  six divisions , the majorities were belonged to Bacillariophyta (92 taxa), making up 67.65 % of the total, followed by  Chlorophyta (19 taxa), making up 14.7 %, Cyanophyta (19 taxa) which make up 14 %,( 2 taxa)  for  each  of  Pyrophyta and , Euglenophyta and (1 taxon) of  chrysophyta make up 3.75% . The most diverse genera that were investigated in this study were:  Navicula (13 taxa) ,Nitizschia (15 taxa),Fragilaria(9 taxa) , Cymbella   and Gomphonema (8 taxa).

KEYWORDS

Surface water, Dukan basin, Physico-chemical parameters, Phytoplankton



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