Effect of Pro.Sol, Folicist and Cultivar on Leaf Nutrients of Olive (Olea europaeaL.) Transplants


Gulala M. A. Saeed, Azad A. Mayi

Department of Horticulture, Agriculture Technical College of Halabja, Sulaimani Polytechnic University
Department of Horticulture, Agriculture college, University of Duhok

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10567

Abstract

This study was carried out during the growing season (2014) at Bakrajo Nursery Station/ Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region-Iraq. Two years old, uniform and healthySorani and Picual olive cultivars transplants were grown in 5 kg pots filled with soil in order to investigate the effect of three concentrations of Pro.Sol (0,100 and 200) and three Folicist concentrations (0, 60 and 120) as well as their interactions on leaf mineral contents of the two olive cultivar transplants. The results showed that 120 folicist significantly affected the leaf (N, K, Ca and Fe), while 60 significantly affected the leaf P content. However, 100 Pro.Sol affected significantly leaf (N, P and Fe), whereas 200 affected leaf (N,K and Ca) contents. However, Sorani cultivar was superior significantly to the Picual with regard to (N, K and Fe) leaf contents while the last cultivar was superior significantly to the first with respect to (P and Ca) contents.


Key Words:
Pro.Sol,Folicist,
Olivecultivar, 
leaf nutrient


References:

[1] Abd El-Razek, E., S.E. Abd-Allah and .M.S. Saleh. "Yield and Fruit Quality of Florida Prince Peach Trees as Affected By Foliar and Soil Applications of Humic Acid". J. Appl. Sci. Res., Vol. 8, No. 12, 5724-5729. (2012).

[2] Agha, J.T and D.A. Daoud. “Evergreen Fruit production”. Part 1.Mousl Univ., Iraq pp 567-630 [In Arabic]. (1991).

[3] Araceli, P. S., A. A.F., T. Casero, F. Legaz and J. J. lucena. "Fe enriched biosolids as fertilizer for orange and peach trees grown in field conditions". Plant and Soil. Vol. 241, pp 145-153. (2002).

[4] Barakat M.R.; T.A. Yehia and B.M. Sayed. "Response of Newhall Naval Orange to Bio-Organic Fertilization under Newly Reclaimed Area Conditions I: Vegetative Growth and Nutritional Status". Cairo University, Egypt. J. Hort. Sci. &Ornamen. Plants, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp 18-25. (2012).

[5] Bhargava, B. S. and H. B. Raghupathi.“Analysis of plant materials for macro and micronutrients”. pp 49-82. In Tandon, H. L. S.(edt.).Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants, Waters, and Fertilizers.Bing Printers.L-14, Lajpat.Nagar New Delhi, 110024. (1999).

[6] Chunhua, L.; R.J. Cooper and D.C. Bowman."Humic acid Application Affects Photosynthesis, Root Development and Nutrient Content of Creeping Bentgrass". Hort. Sci., Vol. 33, No. 6, pp 1023-1025. (1998).

[7] Fabbri, A., G. Bartolini, M. Lambardi and S. Kailis. “Olive propagation Manual”. This book is available from land links press http.//www.landlinks. com or from: Collingwood Victoria 3066. (2004).

[8] FAOSTAT. “FAO Statistical Databases”. Agriculture Data Collection (Primary Crops), http://faostat.fao. Org. (2007).

[9] Fernandez-Escobar R., M. Benlloch, D. Barranco, A. Duenas and J. A. GuterrezGanan. "Response of olive trees to foliar application of humicsubstances extracted from leonardite". ScientiaHorticultrae Vol. 66, No. 3-4, pp 191-200. (1999).

[10] Gaafar, R. M. and M. M. Saker."Monitoring of cultivars identity and genetic stability in strawberry varieties grown in Egypt".World J. Agric. Sci. Vol. 2, No. 1, pp 29-36. (2006).

[11] Gobara, A. A. "Response of Le-Cont pear trees to foliar application of some nutrients", Egypt. J. Hort. Vol. 25, pp 55-70. (1998).

[12] Hegazy, E. S.; M. R. El-Sonbaty ; Ahmed M. Dorria and T. F. El-Sharnoby."Effect of organic and bio-fertilization on vegetative growth and flowering of Picual olive trees". World Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 3, No. 2, pp 210-217. (2007).

[13] Jordáo P.V.; L. Duarte, F. Calouro and A. Silva. "Relationship Between Fruit and Foliar Mineral Levels In Twenty Olive Cultivars Grown in Portugal". ISHS ActaHorticulturae Vol. 286, (54) International Symposium on Olive Growing. (1990).




[14] Khalifa, G. H. F.H. "Effect of Planting Date and on Growth and Yield Characteristics of Two Variety of Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassaDuch) " M.Sc. Thesis, Agriculture and Forest college, Mosul University, Ministry of Higher Education and Sci. Research. Iraq. (2007).

[15] Loumou, A.and C. Giourga. Olive groves “The life and identity of the Mediterranean”. Agric. Human Values, Vol. 20, pp 87-95. (2003).

[16] Marschner H. “Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants”.Academic Press. (London). (1995).

[17] Martin, G. C. Olea europaea L. University of California.Findings from the California Agriculture.HortScience Vol. 18, pp 868-869. (1994).

[18] Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation “Agricultural statistics”, pp:2. (2011)

[19] Monge, E., J. Val; J.L. Espada; F. Or’us and J. Betran."Effects of organic wastes on olive mineral nutrition and its influence on fruit quality. Preliminary results for macronutrients".ActaHorticulturae Vol. 512, pp 199-208. (2000).

[20] Nawaf, M. Ferihat and Yara K. Masa’deh."Response of two-year-old tree of four olive cultivars to fertilization". American-Erasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 185-190. (2006).

[21] Parwin M.K. "Effect of Urea and Potassium Nitrate Spray and Humus Soil Application on Growth of Two Cultivars of Olive Transplants (Oleaeuropaea L.)", MSc. Thesis.Agriculture College.Salahaddin University. Iraq. (2010).

[22] Restrepo-Diaz, H., M. Benlloch, C. Navarro and R. Fernandez-Escobar. "Potassium Fertilization of rain fed olive orchards". Sci. Hort. Vol. 116, pp 399-403. (2008).

[23] SAS Institute, Inc.“The SAS system”.Relase 6.12. Cary, NC. (1996).

[24] Stelianidis D. K.; T. E. Soteropoulos; M. A. Koukourikou; D. G. Voyiatzis and I. N. Thrios."The effect of growth regulators on fruit shape and inorganic nutrient concentration in leaves and fruit of ‘Red Delicious’ Apples". J. Bio.Res. Vol. 1, pp 75-80. (2004).

[25] Tous, J.and L. Ferguson. “Mediterraneanfruits”. Pp 416-430. Int. J. Janick (ed.), Progress in newcrops. ASHS Press,Arlington, VA. (1996).

[26] Wallander, E. and V. A. Albert.“Phylogeny and classification of Oleaceae based on rps16 and trnL-F sequence data”. Am. J. Bot, Vol. 12, pp 1827-41. (2000).

[27] Xiloyannis C.; G. Celano; A. M. Palese; B. Dichio and V. Nuzzo."Mineral nutrient uptake from the soil in irrigated olive trees, cultivar Coratina, over six years after planting". ActaHorticulturae Vol. 586. (2000).