Identifying Alluvial fans features using multispectral image processing techniques in selected area, northern Iraq


Rayan G. Thannoun, Azhar Kh. S. Bety , Laith Kh. Al-Sa'igh

Remote Sensing Center, Mosul University
Faculty of Science, Geology dept., Sulaimani University
College of Science, Chemistry dept., Al-Mustansiriiya University.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10570

Abstract

Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus image data was used to identify and map alluvial fans features in Shaikh Ibrahim anticline northern Iraq. In the present study, an active flowchart was design to extract and determine alluvial fans using digital image processing operations and digital elevation analysis. Two image processing methods including (image transformation and image enhancement) were used. Image transformation including principal component analysis (PCA) and ratio images (RI) analysis, while image enhancement operation including false color composite images (FCC). In image transformation processing, Based on the detailed analysis of eigenvectors and eigenvalues derived from different combinations of (PCA), five (PC) images of bands (13457) have been extracted and –PC4 has relatively strong positive loading for band 5 (0.632166) and high negative loading for band 7 (-0.369417) consequently, PC4 was given effective delineation about the major alluvial fans at the southwestern footslope from Shaikh Ibrahim anticline. In ratio image analysis, A combination of (RI) based on the spectral characteristics of alluvial fans materials were selected. Image enhancement includes A false color image of the subscene was produced by assigning band (741). This color composite was found to be useful in emphasizing to the all materials of alluvial fans. Digital elevation models (DEM) were used for describing topographic features related to the alluvial fans.


Key Words:
Alluvial fans, image transformation, image enhancement, DEM, tectonic


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