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Comparative Study in Evaluating the Antioxidation Efficiency for Native Types Antioxidants Extracted from Crude Oil with Synthesized Types

  Ass.Prof. Dr. Mohammad Jamil Abd AlGhani

   University of Salahaddin/Collage of Basic Education/ General Science Department

   Email: m_gameel55@yahoo.com

Original: 18.01.2015Revised: 20.03.2016Accepted: 21.04.2016Published online: 20.09.2016



DOI Link: 

ABSTRACT

The natural native antioxidants N,N-P-methyl phenyl acetone and N,N- phenyl acetone were isolated from Iraqi crude oil region of Kirkuk by ion exchange and their structure was characterized by spectral and chemical analysis methods.

Tetraline was used as a liquid hydrocarbon to detect the efficiency of isolated molecules at elevated temperature (393˚ K) that it has physicochemical specifications and structure closed to hydrocarbons fractionated from crude oil.

The synthesized universal antioxidant 2,6-ditertiaryisobutyl-p-methyl phenol (Unol) with known stochiometric coefficient  of inhibition equal to (2) was used as a model  for comparative evaluation at the same conditions.

Modified Chemiluminescence method was used to find the amount of absorbed oxygen and the induction periods in and without the existence of isolated antioxidants molecules.

The results of induction periods and the quantity of absorbed oxygen during the time of oxidation process measured by manometric installation showed that at specific equal concentrations of N,N- phenyl acetone and N, N-P-methyl phenyl acetone in comparison with Unol at 393˚ K are  with (2) and (2.5) times efficient than do Unol to inhibit the formation of new free radicals and prevent the chain reaction to pass from the propagation to the termination step rather than  decomposition of formed hydroperoxides.

KEYWORDS

Inhibition, Antioxidants, Unol, Tetraline, Chemiluminescence   

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