Issues‎ > ‎vol19n1‎ > ‎

Potential of Pistachio-Hard Shell Based Thiosemicarbazone-Acetophenone for Pb2+Metal Sorption: Kinetic Studies, Isotherms Modeling and Optimization


Shameran Jamal Salih & Rezhna Hassan Faraj

Faculty of Science and Health -Koya University, Koysinjaq KOY45, Erbil, Iraq

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10591

Abstract

The batch studies conducted in the present work provide significant information regarding the adsorption of Pb2+ onto Pistachio-Hard shell-grafted-Thiosemicarbazone acetophenone. The sorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamics of Pb2+ onto adsorbent surface modified thiosemicarbazone acetophenone has been assessed under various operation conditions such as contact time, initial concentration of Pb2+, pH of the solution, temperature and adsorbent dosage. The FT-IR results of Pistachio-Hard shell -grafted-Thiosemicarbazone acetophenone showed that biomass has different functional groups and these functional groups are able to graft with Pb2+ in aqueous solution. The removal process reached maximum which was 97.08%. Equilibrium data fitted well with Freundlich isotherm model (1/n<1). Also, Kinetic data were best described by the pseudo-second order model. Thermodynamic studies showed that sorption of Pb2+ions were endothermic, spontaneous, and feasible. Finally, the optimum dosage of the modified adsorbent was 0.165g for adsorption process at pH 5.


Key Words:
Schiff base
Adsorption Kinetics
Optimization
Removal


References


[1] Shariar, S. M. S., M. Jesmin, and M. M. Ali. "Antibacterial Activities of Some Schiff Bases Involving Thiosemicarbazide and Ketones" International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy Vol. 7, pp. 53-61. (2014).

[2] Harmsen, P., Huijgen, W., Bermudez, L. and Bakker, R.,"Literature review of physical and chemical pretreatment processes for lignocellulosic biomass" Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands: pp. 10-13. (2010).

[3] William Kemp. "Organic chemistry", Second edition; English language book society / Macmillan; 1989

[4] Rao, M. Madhava, A. Ramesh, G. Purna Chandra Rao, and K. Seshaiah. "Removal of copper and cadmium from the aqueous solutions by activated carbon derived from Ceibapentandra hulls" Journal of hazardous materials, Vol. 129, No. 1, pp. 123-129. (2006).

[5] Shariar S. M. S.;Jesmin, M. and Ali M. M.; "Antibacterial Activities of Some Schiff Bases Involving Thiosemicarbazide and Ketones"; International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Vol. 26, pp. 53-61. (2014).

[6] Tsibranska, I. and Hristova. E; "Modelling of heavy metal adsorption into activated carbon from apricot stones in fluidized bed" Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification Vol. 49, No. 10, pp. 1122-1127. (2010).

[7] Harmsen, P., Huijgen, W., Lopez, L, and Bakker, R. "Literature review of physical and chemical pretreatment processes for lignocellulosic biomass" Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands, BioSynergy project, pp. 10-13. (2010).

[8] Ekpete, O. A., and Horsfall, M. J. N. R. "Preparation and characterization of activated carbon derived from fluted pumpkin stem waste (Telfairiaoccidentalis Hook F)" Res. J. Chem. Sci., Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 10-17. (2011).

[9] Shendkar, C. D., C. D. Torane, K. S. Mundhe, A. A. Bhave, and N. R. Deshpande. "Characterization of Activated Carbon prepared from Achyranthesaspera Linn. by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF)"Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources Vol. 2, pp. 295-97. (2012).

[10] Salih, S. J, and Rashid, B. Z. "Cranberry Stem as an Efficient Adsorbent and Eco-Friendly for Removal of Toxic Dyes from Industrial Wastewater, Physico Studies" International Journal of Pharmaceutical Chemistry Vol. 5, No. 6, pp. 207-217. (2015).

[11] Shendkar, C. D., C. D. Torane, K. S. Mundhe, A. A. Bhave, and N. R. Deshpande. "Characterization of Activated Carbon prepared from Achyranthesaspera Linn. by X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF)"Journal of Natural Product and Plant Resources Vol. 2, pp. 295-97. (2012).

[12] Thajeel, A. S.. "Isotherm, Kinetic and Thermodynamic of Adsorption of Heavy Metal Ions onto Local Activated Carbon" Aquatic Science and Technology Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 53-77. (2013).

[13] Dada, A.O., Olalekan, A.P., Olatunya, A.M. and Dada, O."Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin and Dubinin–Radushkevich isotherms studies of equilibrium sorption of Zn2+ unto phosphoric acid modified rice husk"Journal of Applied Chemistry Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 38-45. (2012).

[14] Lian, L., Cao, X., Wu, Y., Lou, D. and Han, D. "Synthesis of organo-functionalized magnetic microspheres and application for anionic dye removal" Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers Vol. 44, No. 1, pp. 67-73. (2013).

[15] Kumar, R., Singh, R., Kumar, N., Bishnoi, K. and Bishnoi, N.R. "Response surface methodology approach for optimization of biosorption process for removal of Cr (VI), Ni (II) and Zn (II) ions by immobilized bacterial biomass sp. Bacillus brevis" Chemical Engineering Journal Vol. 146, No.3, pp. 401-407. (2009).

[16] Bazargan-Lari, R., Bahrololoom, M.E. and Nemati, A. "Sorption behavior of Zn (II) ions by low cost and biological natural hydroxyapatite/chitosan composite from industrial waste water" J. Food Agric. Environ Vol. 9, pp. 892-897. (2011).

[17] Kousalya, G.N., Gandhi, M.R., Sundaram, C.S. and Meenakshi, S."Synthesis of nano-hydroxyapatite chitin/chitosan hybrid biocomposites for the removal of Fe (III)" Carbohydrate Polymers Vol. 82, No. 3, pp. 594-599. (2010).

[18] Sundaram, C. Sairam, Natrayasamy Viswanathan, and S. Meenakshi. "Uptake of fluoride by nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan, a bioinorganic composite" Bioresource technology Vol. 99, No. 17, pp. 8226-8230. (2008).

[19] Jang, S.H., Jeong, Y.G., Min, B.G., Lyoo, W.S. and Lee, S.C."Preparation and lead ion removal property of hydroxyapatite/polyacrylamide composite hydrogels" Journal of Hazardous Materials Vol. 159, No. 2, pp. 294-299. (2008).

[20] Mittal, A., Kaur, D., Malviya, A., Mittal, J. and Gupta, V.K. "Adsorption studies on the removal of coloring agent phenol red from wastewater using waste materials as adsorbents" Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Vol. 337, No. 2, pp. 345-354. (2009).

[21] Mittal, A., Kaur, D., Malviya, A., Mittal, J. and Gupta, V.K.. "Removal and recovery of Chrysoidine Y from aqueous solutions by waste materials"Journal of Colloid and Interface Science Vol. 344, No. 2, pp. 497-507. (2010).

[22] Xie, Y., Li, S., Liu, G., Wang, J. and Wu, K. "Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on perchlorate adsorption by cross-linked quaternary chitosan", Chemical engineering journal Vol. 192, pp. 269-275. (2012).

[23] Hernández-Montoya, V., and Bonilla-Petriciolet, A., "Lignocellulosic precursors used in the synthesis of activated carbon: characterization techniques and applications in the wastewater treatment", 1stCoratia (1), INTECH(2012).

[24] Kumar, P.S. and Kirthika, K.,"Equilibrium and kinetic study of adsorption of nickel from aqueous solution onto bael tree leaf powder"Journal of Engineering Science and Technology Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 351-363. (2009).

[25] Mohammad-Khah, A. and Ansari, R., "Activated charcoal; preparation, characterization and applications: a review article" Int J Chem Tech Res Vol. 1, pp. 2745-2788. (2009).

[26] Olorundare, O.F., Krause, R.W.M., Okonkwo, J.O. and Mamba, B.B., "Potential application of activated carbon from maize tassel for the removal of heavy metals in water" Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C50, pp. 104-110. (2012).

[27] Sekirifa, M.L., Hadj-Mahammed, M., Pallier, S., Baameur, L., Richard, D. and Al-Dujaili, A.H.,"Preparation and characterization of an activated carbon from a date stones variety by physical activation with carbon dioxide" Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis Vol. 99, pp. 155-160. (2013). [28] Kurniawan, A., Sisnandy, V.O.A., Trilestari, K., Sunarso, J., Indraswati, N. and Ismadji, S.,"Performance of durian shell waste as high capacity biosorbent for Cr (VI) removal from synthetic wastewater" Ecological Engineering Vol. 37, No, 6, pp. 940-947. (2011).