Stability and Yielding Performance of Seven Chickpea Genotypes (Cicer Arietinum L.) Over a Range of Environments in Sulaimani, Iraq   

1Bestoon Omar Hamma-Umin

1Department of Biotechnology and Crop Science, College of Agricultural Engineering Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq


Original: 24 August 2019Revised25 October   2019 Accepted17 November 2019Published online20 December 2019



Abstract

Seven genotypes of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), namely; FLIP 97-706C, FLIP 03-87C, FLIP 05-74C, FLIP 05-87C, FLIP 05-110C, FLIP 05-142C, and FLIP 05-150C were evaluated in three different environments in Sulaimani-Qlyasan during every spring from 2016 until 2018.Using Randomized Completely Block Design (RCBD) with three replications in order to study the stability and genotypic resultant growth and yieldcharacters. The results exhibited highly significant effects due to genotypes ×seasons in most of the studied characters with the exception of no. of seeds/pod and no. of branches/plant. The genotype (FLIP 05-150C) was considered the best genotype, which had the high homeostasis values for six characters plant height (0.984), plant weight (0.954), no. of pods/plant (0.951), no. of seeds/plod (0.977), 100 seed weight (0.973) and seed weight/plant(0.930). This genotype needs to be assessed in more varied environments examine. The highest genotypic resultant values were recorded by the genotype (FLIP 05-150C) for plant height (1.109), plant weight (1.020), no. of pods/plant (1.427), no. of seeds/pod (1.001), 100 seed weight (1.095) and seed weight/plant (1.150), indicating this genotype had high performance at different environments and should be not disregarded in future studies.

Key WordsChickpea, Stability, Homeostasis, Genotypic Resultant Analysis, Genotype × Environment.      

References

[1] Shafi, A., Shabbir, G., Akram, Z., Mahmood, T., Bakhsh, A., Noorka, I. R. "Stability analysis of yield and yield components in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes across three rain-fed locations of Pakistan" . Pakistan Journal Botany Vol. 44, pp. 1705-09. (2012).

[2] FAOSTAT, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Statistics, Rome, Italy.  http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC. (2019).

[3] Kizilgeci, F. "Assessing the Yield Stability of Nineteen Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Genotypes Grown Under Multiple Environments in South-Eastern Anatolia, Turkey". Department Of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Sirnak University, 73300 Idil, Sirnak, Turkey.

[4] Anita, B., Akanksha T. "Assessment of Genetic Variability and Yield Stability in Chickpea Genotypes under Diverse Environments". Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. Vol. 7, No. 12, pp. 3544-3554. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2018.712.401, (2018).

[5] Elsahookie, M. M. and O. H. Al-Rawi. "Efficiency of some equations to analyze genotypes   ×environment    interactions". Iraqi. J. Agric. Sci., Vol. 42, No. 6, pp.1-18. (2011).

[6] Babbar, A. and Tiwari, A. "Assessment of genetic variability and yield stability in chickpea genotypes under diverse environments", International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 12, pp. 2319-7706. (2018).

[7] Arshad, M., Bakhsh, A., Haqqani, A. M. and Bashir, M. "Genotype-Environment Interaction for Grain Yield in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)". Pak. J. Bot., Vol. 35, pp. 181- 186. (2003).

[8] Sabaghpour, S. H., Mahmodi, A. A., Saeed, A., Kamel, M. and Malhotra R. S. "Study on Chickpea Drought Tolerance Lines under Dryland Condition of Iran". Indian J. Crop Sci., Vol. 1, pp. 70-73. (2006).

[9] Yaghotipoor, A. and Farshad far, E. "Non-Parametric Estimation and Component Analysis of Phenotypic Stability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)". Pak. J. Biol. Sci., Vol. 10, pp. 2446-2453. (2007).

[10] Farshadfar, E. "Incorporation of AMMI Stability Value and Grain Yield in a Single Non-Parametric Index (GSI) in Bread Wheat". Pak. J. Biol. Sci., Vol. 11, pp.1791-1796. (2008).

 [11] Yadav, S. S., Verma, A. K., Rizvi, A. H., Singh, D., Kumar, J. and Andrews, M. "Impact of Genotype Interactions on the Relative Performance of Environment × Diverse Groups of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties". Arch. Agron. Soil Sci., Vol. 56, pp. 49-64. (2010).

[12] Bakhsh, A., Akhtar, L. H., Malik, S. R., Masood, A., Iqbal, Sh. M. and Qurashi, R. "Grain Yield Stability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Across Environments". Pak. J. Bot., Vol. 43, pp. 2947-2951. (2011).

[13] Hamayoon, R., Khan, H., Naz, S.L., Munir, I., Arif, M., Khalil, I. A. and Khan A. Z. "Performance of Chickpea Genotypes Different under Environmental OMI Conditions". Afr J. Biotechnol., Vol. 10, pp. 1534- 1544. (2011).

[14] Imtiaz, M., Malhotra, R. S., Singh, M. and Arslan, S. "Identifying High Yielding, Stable Chickpea Genotypes for Spring Sowing: Specific Adaptation to Location and Sowing Seasons in the Mediterranean Region". Crop Sci., Vol. 53, pp. 1472-1480. (2013).

[15] Kendal, E. and Sayar, M. S. "The Stability of some Spring Triticale Genotypes Using Biplot Analysis". J. Anim. Plant Sci. Vol. 26, pp. 754-765. (2016).

[16] Altinbas, M. and Sepetoglu, H. "A study on the determination of stability parameters for seed yield and some agronomic properties in lentil (Lens culinaris Med.)". The first Field Crops Congress Vol. 4, pp. 116-120. (1994).

[17] Kilic, H. "Assessment of advanced durum wheat lines for yield and some quality traits at different environments". Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Sciences Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 194-201. (2014).

[18] Comstock, R. E. and Moll, R. H. "Genotype Environment Interactions". Statistical Genetics and Plant Breeding NAS-NRC Publ No: 982, Washington DC., pp. 164-196. (1963).

[19] Atta, B. M. and Shah, T. M. "Stability analysis of elite chickpea genotypes tested under diverse". Australian Journal of Crop Science Vol. 3, pp. 249-256. (2009).

[20] Farshadfar, E. Farshadfar, M. and Kiani, M. "Involvement of chromosome 5R carrying the genes controlling yield and yield stability in rye (Secale Cereale cv. Imperial)". European Journal of Science Research Vol. 59, No. 3, pp. 352-360. (2011).

[21] Costa, J. M., Bollero, V. S. and Pandey, PL. "Stability for grain yield of barley genotypes under rainfed conditions". Advance in Plant Science Vol. 12, pp. 27-30. (2004).

[22] Al-Mohammad, F. and M. A. Al-Yonis. Agricultural Experimentation Design and Analysis, Baghdad University, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research part 1 and 2, pp. 374 and 444. (2000).

[23] Elsahookei, M.M.,Homeostasis estimationfor crop germplasm adaptation. J. A. R., Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 1-5. (1995).

[24] Desail, K., TankC.J., GamiR.A.,and PatelA.M. "G × E Interaction and stability analysis in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)", International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Biotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 479-484. (2016).

[25] Elsahookie, M. M. Maize, Production, and Breeding. Higher Education Presses, Iraq. (1990).