The Prevalence of Tuberculosis Among the Cattle in Sulaimani Districts


  • Jalal Majeed Shareef College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Rizgar Raheem Sulaiman College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Ihsan Kadir Zangana College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author



Tuberculosis, Zoonotic disease, Bovine


In spite of the devastating effect of tuberculosis in man arid animals, studies regarding bovine tuberculosis have not been done. in the Sulaimani districts so far, the aim of the present study was to investigate for the first time, the prevalence of tuberculosis in cattle in the Sulaimani districts" The study was carried out among five groups of bovine (the pregnant cattle at last two months of gestation, recentiy parturient cattle (two months after parflrition), under six months age calves, calves of six months to two years old heif'ers and cattle above h+,o ],ears old (but not belonging to the first and second groups), from June to December 2000. The study includes the field observation, using the single intradermal comparative tuberculin test (SIDT) which involved (4012) cattle from different Sulaimani dishiets (Sulaimani center, Halabja, Penjwen, Rania, Chamchamal, Darbandikhan). The field observation has shown it (5.1%) positive reactors to (SIDT). The results have revealed highest positive rate in Halabja district, where the rate was (9%) and lowest rate in Darbandikhan. where the rate was (1.5%), while different prevalence were detected (3.59L, 4%, 53% and 6%) in Chamchamal. Penjwen, Sulaimani center and Rania respectively. The prevalence rate was also high (6.1%) in a group of cattle that were classified at a stage of two months after delivery (two months from parturition) and no incidence was detected in a group of calves under six months of age. Out of 207 SIDT positive reactor cattle, (117) sputum samples were examined by direct smear with Zihle - Neelsen stain, positive result was 37 (31.7%) only The samples were also cultured on Modified Lowenstein- Jensen media, which showed 45 (38.5%) positive growth. This study included also the abattoir observation, by routine meat inspection of 7375 carcasses that have been slaughtered in Sulaimani abattoir, the result revealed 65 {A.9%) positive carcasses that showed typical lesions of tuberculosis. The samples from the lesions were submitted to the microbiological and histopathological examinations that confirmed the preliminary diagnosis. The photos are also shown.


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How to Cite

The Prevalence of Tuberculosis Among the Cattle in Sulaimani Districts. (2005). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 8(1), 99-114.