Investigation into Radiation Doses to Patient During Diagnostic Imaging

Authors

  • Dastan Khalid School of Science Education, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10270

Keywords:

Radiation Dose, Dose Reference Level, Entrance Dose, Dose During Diagnostic Imaging

Abstract

Investigation in doses delivered to patient during an X-ray imaging is carried out. From the data obtained, the Entrance Surface Dose (ESD) is calculated and compared to the Reference Dose Levels of other countries (UK, Australia and the US). The results show 93% of chest examination was cases of overdose, while some other examinations had 8.5% overdose by more than 3 times. The results suggests that during X-ray imaging patients receive doses more than the reference level at the Sulaimani Hospital.

References

-W. C. Black and H. G. Welch. “Advances in diagnostic imaging and overestimations of disease prevalence and the benefit of therapy”. N Engl J Med 1993 328: 1237-1243. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199304293281706

-R. Margulis and J. H. Sunshine. “Radiology at the turn of the Millennium”. Radiology 2000. 214: 15 – 23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1148/radiology.214.1.r00ja4515

-E. J. Hall and D. J. Brenner. “Cancer risks from diagnostic radiology”. The British Journal of Radiology, 81 (2008), 362–378.

-B. F. Wall, G. M. Kendall, A. A. Edwards, S. Bouffler, C. R. Muirhead and J. R. Meara. “What are the risks from medical X- rays and other low dose radiation?” The British Journal of Radiology, 79 (2006), 285–294 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr/55733882

-Reza Fazel, Harlan M. Krumholz, Yongfei Wang, Joseph S. Ross, Jersey Chen, Henry H. Ting, Nilay D. Shah, Khurram Nasir, Andrew J. Einstein and Brahmajee K. Nallamothu.“Exposure to Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation from Medical Imaging Procedures”. N Engl J Med 2009; 361:849-57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa0901249

-Dieter F. Regulla and Heinrich Eder.“Patient Exposurein Medical X-Ray Imaginfin Europe”. Radiation Protection Dosimetry (2005), Vol. 114, Nos 1-3, pp. 11–25 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/rpd/nch538

-Eugenio Picano, Eliseo Vano, Richard Semelka and Dieter Regulla. The American College of Radiology white paper on radiation dose in medicine: deep impact on the practice of cardiovascular imaging Cardiovascular Ultrasound 2007, 5:37 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-7120-5-37

-Amy Berrington de González, Sarah Darby. “Risk of cancer from diagnostic X rays: estimates for the UK and 14 other countries”. Lancet 2004; 363: 345–51 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15433-0

-E. J. Hall and D. J. Brenner. “Cancer risks from diagnostic radiology”. The British Journal of Radiology, 81 (2008), 362– 378 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr/01948454

-C. J. Martin, D. G. Sutton, P. F. Sharp. “Balancing patient dose and image quality”. Applied Radiation and Isotopes. 50 (1999) 1 – 19. 11-International Commission on Radiological Protection.1990 recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Protection. ICRP publication no. 60. Oxford, England: Pergamon, 1991. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-8043(98)00021-9

-International Commission on Radiological Protection. Radiation Protection and safety in medicine, Publication 73. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1996.

-K. Faulkner and R. H. Corbett. “Reference doses and quality in medical imaging”. The British Journal of Radiology, 71 (1998), 1001-1002. 14-Diagnostic reference levels in medical imaging: review and additional advice. A web module produced by Committee 3 of the International Commission on Radiologic Protection (ICRP) DOI: https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr.71.850.10211057

-C. J. Martin. “20 years of patient dose studies: where should we go from here?” The British Journal of Radiology, 78 (2005), 477–479 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1259/bjr/27292976

-K. Faulkner, D.A. Broadhead and R.M. Harrison. “Patient dosimetry measurement methods”. Applied Radiation and Isotopes 50 (1999) 113 – 123. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0969-8043(98)00031-1

-C. J. Tung, C. Y. Cheng, T. C. Chao and H. Y. Tsai. “Determination of Entrance Skin Dose and Organ Doses for Medical X ray Examinations.” Radiation Protection Dosimetry Vol. 85, Nos. 1–4, pp. 417–420 (1999). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.rpd.a032886

-Robert A. Parry, Sharon A. Glaze and Benjamin R. Archer. “The AAMP/RSNA Physics Tutorial for Residents. Typical Patient Radiation Doses in Diagnostic Radiology.” RadioGraphics 1999; 19: 1289 – 1302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1148/radiographics.19.5.g99se211289

-Australian Government. Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency. National Diagnostic Reference Level Fact Sheet. June 2011.

-B. F. Wall. “Implementation of DRLs in The UK.” Radiation Protection Dosimetry (2005), Vol. 114, Nos 1-3, pp. 183–187 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/rpd/nch505

Published

2013-09-04

How to Cite

Investigation into Radiation Doses to Patient During Diagnostic Imaging. (2013). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 15(4), 22-28. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10270