Effect of Soil Application of Zinc Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Wheat at Bakrajow and Kanypanka locations in Sulaimani Governorate.

Authors

  • Ghafoor A. Mam-Rasul Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Banaz M. Mustafa Directorate of Agricultural Research, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Kamil M. Ahmad Directorate of Agricultural Research, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10281

Keywords:

Zinc fertilizer and Wheat Production, Zinc uptake, Grain yield

Abstract

This study was conducted during growing season of 2010 - 2011, to study the effect of four levels of Zinc as Zn- EDTA ( 0, 20, 40, 60 kg Zn ha-1) on growth traits and yield of wheat variety ovanto at two different agricultural locations ( Bakrajow and Kanypanka) using Randomized Complete Block Design (R.C.B.D.) with three replicates. The results showed that the increase in rates of Zn causes an increase in grain yield, grain zinc content and zinc uptake by plant, from both of locations. However the results showed that the relative yield was decreased with increasing of zinc application rate from both of locations.

References

Kabata-Pendias A., “Trace elements in soils and plants”.4th ed. CRC Press, Boca Raton,FL, (2011). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/b10158

Allowy B. J., “Zinc in Soils and Crop Nutrition”. International Zinc Association

(IZA),168Avenue de Tervueren, 1150 Brussels-Belgium. Internet www.zincwoeld.org,

(2008).

Valle B. L. , “Zinc in biology and Biochemistry”. In ‘ Zinc Enzymes’. (Ed. TG Spiro)

pp.1-24. ( John Wiley and Son: New York, USA), (1983).

Brown P. H., Cakmak I., Zhang Q., “Forms and function of zinc in plants”. In zinc in Soil

and plants’.( Ed. AD Robson) pp. 93-106. (Kluwer Acad.Publ.: Dordrecht, The

Nettherlands), (1993).

Takkar P. N. , and Walker C. D., “The Distribution and Correction of zinc Deficiency”.

In: Zinc in Soils and Plants. Robson, A. D.(Ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht,

The Netherlands, pp. 151-166, (1993).

G. A. Ranjbar, and M. A. Bahmaniar,” Effect of Soil and Foliar Application of Zn

Fertilizer on Yield and Growth Characteristics of Bread Wheat(Triticum aestivum L.)

Cultivars”, Asian Journal of Plant Science 6(6), pp. 1000-1005, (2007). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2007.1000.1005

Amrani M., Westfall D.G., and Peterson G.A., “Influence of water solubility of granular

zinc fertilizers on plant uptake and growth”, J. Plant Nutr., 22, pp. 1815-1827, (1999). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01904169909365758

Nelson D. W. , and Sommer L. E.,” Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter”, In:

Page, A. L., R. H. Miller, and D.R. Kreney,(eds) Methods of Soil Analysis. pp.539-579

Part.2Agron. 9 SSSA. Madison, W.I. USA, (1986).

Rayment G. E. , and Higginson F. R., “Australian Laboratory Handbook of soil and

Water Chemical”, Inkata Press, Melboume, (1992).

Suarez D. L., “Beryllium, Magnesium, Calcium, Strontium, and Barium. pp. 575-601. In: DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssabookser5.3.c20

Sparks, D. L. (ed.) Methods of Soil Analysis: Chemical Methods” Part 3. Soil Sci. Soc. of

Am., Madison, WI, (1996).

Page A. L. , Miller R. H., and Kenney D. R., “Methods of soil analysis”, Part 2. Am.

Soc. Agric. Pub. Madison, Wisconsin. U. S. A, (Ed.) (1982).

Jackson M. L. , “Soil chemical analysis”, Prentice Hall. Inc., London, (1958).

Olsen S. R. , C. V. Cole, F. S. Watatanabe, and L. A. Dean, “Estimation of available

phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate”, USDA Circ 939. US Govt.

Print. Office, Washington, DC, (1954).

G. W. Gee, and J. W. Bauder , “Particle-size analysis”, pp. 383-412,In A. Klute (ed.) DOI: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssabookser5.1.2ed.c15

Methods of soil analysis: Physical and mineralogy methods, Part I. Second ed. ASA and

SSSA, Madison, WI, (1986).

Westerman R. L., “Soil Testing and plant Analysis. Madison”, WI: Soil Sci. Soc. of Am,

(1990).

Tisdale S. L., Nelson W. L., Beaton J. D., and Harlin J. L., “Soil fertility and fertilizer.

Pretice”, Hall of India, New Delhi, (1997).

Shaheen R. , Samim M.K., and Mahmud R., “Effect of zinc on yield and zinc uptake by

wheat on some soils of Bangladesh”, J. Soil Nat, 1, pp. 7–14, (2007).

Published

2013-12-05

How to Cite

Effect of Soil Application of Zinc Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Wheat at Bakrajow and Kanypanka locations in Sulaimani Governorate. (2013). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 16(1), 23-28. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10281