Re-interpretation of Geophysical Data for the Archaeological Hill “Malta” at Duhok City – Iraqi Kurdistan Region

Authors

  • Fadhil A. Ghaib Department of Geology, College of Science, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Sirwa Q. Gardi Department of Geology, College of Science, Salahaddin University, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10352

Keywords:

Archeo-geophysics, Malta Hill, Duhok City, Iraqi Kurdistan

Abstract

Two geophysical methods (gravity and resistivity) are used to investigate the Malta archaeological hill in Duhok City-Iraqi Kurdistan Region. 200 gravity observation points were occupied covering the southern half of the flat-top of the hill. Precise Bouguer anomaly map and its regional, residual and Second Vertical Derivative anomalies are constructed to show the anomalous remains. High precision altitudes and accurate positioning of the stations guaranteed reasonable reductions. Beside gravity, six resistivity traverses are executed along selected directions. A total of 84 Vertical Electrical Sounding resistivity measurements along traverses were taken to show variations with depth. A final model of the subsurface was derived by the integration of both geophysical approaches. The two geophysical methods revealed the presence of wall remains distributed in a systematic manner under the surface. Their depth ranges from 0.5m to 1.5m. They are mostly built of limestone rocks of high resistivity and positive gravity anomalies.

References

Al-Ginabi, H. K., 1985. Duhok City, A geographic study, Mosul Unversity press, 104p.

Arzi, A. A. (1975), Microgravimetry for engineering applications, Geoph. Pros., 23, 408-425. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2478.1975.tb01539.x

Esho, M. (2004), The Fate of Assyrian Christian Villages Annexed to Dohuk Province and the

Conditions in These villages following the establishment of the Iraqi State in 1921, online

article,www.nohra.ca/SR/SRAR/Assyrian%20Villages.pdf.

Ghaib, F. A., Hasan, J. A. and Mohammad, R, J., 1999, Microgravity survey of Malta

archaeological site, west of Duhok city, JDU (Science), Special issue (The First Scientific

Conference of Dohuk University 27-29 April).

Hall and Hajnal, (1962). The gravimeter in studies of buried valleys. Geoph. V. XXVII, No. 6, part2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1439120

Muhammad, R. J.(2004), Site study of Malta archaeological hill, west of Duhok by electrical

resistivity method, J. of Duhok University, V.3, No. 1, (7-11).

Sala, R., Garcia, E. and Tamba, R. (2012), Archaeological geophysics from basics to new DOI: https://doi.org/10.5772/45619

prospectives, SOT ProspeccioArqueologica, ERAAUB, Spain (www.intechopen.com).

Published

2014-11-13

How to Cite

Re-interpretation of Geophysical Data for the Archaeological Hill “Malta” at Duhok City – Iraqi Kurdistan Region. (2014). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 16(4), 123-138. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10352

Most read articles by the same author(s)