Effect of different clipping times on forage quality of three cereal crops at two locations of sulaimani region

Authors

  • Sherwan Esmaeel Tawfiq Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Sanarya Rafiq Muhammed Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10418

Keywords:

Forages, Clipping times, Wheat, Barley, Triticale, Forage quality, Introduction

Abstract

The present study was conducted in Sulaimani Region at two different locations,
Qlyasan and Kanipanka during the winter season of 2010-2011, to determine the effect
of different clipping times{clipping at 80 days after sowing (1st clipping time), clipping
at 90 days after sowing (2ndclipping time), clipping at 100 days after sowing (3dclipping
time), and clipping at 110 days after sowing (4th clipping time) as well as control (no
clipping)}on forage quality of three cereal crops (wheat, barley and triticale) at Qlyasan
location and the following day similarity at Kanipanka location. The design was split
plot within factorial experiment, the cereal crops were implemented in the main plots and
arranged with complete randomized design (CRBD) and replicated three times, where
the clipping times were implemented in sub plots. Means comparison were carried out
using least significant difference test (LSD) at 0.05 significant levels.
The results of the present study as the average of both locations showed that the fourth
clipping time exceeded the other clipping times in the characters: Acid Detergent Fiber
(ADF%), Acid Detergent Lignin (ADL%), Neutral Detergent Fiber (NDF%), fiber%,
starch% and Mg% with the values of 28.222%, 5.645%, 39.194% , 14.282%, 8.223%
and 0.080% respectively, while the first clipping time exhibited maximum values of
14.561% , 24.992%, 81.138%, 0.545% , 4.408%, 0.583% and 3.734% for the characters
Ash%, protein%, DP%, Ca%, K%, P% and fat% respectively.
According to the results of this study we concluded that protein and digestible protein
were differed significantly among species, where barley showed its superiority in these
characters and most quality traits compared to wheat and triticale, and The quality was
diminished as maturity increased, the nutrient composition and forage quality of small
grain plants change significantly as the plants develop; therefore, the earlier cutting dates
are recommended to achieve this purpose.

References

Ghanbari-Bonjar, A.“Intercropped wheat (Triticumaestivum) and bean (Viciafaba) as a low-input forage”, PhD

thesis, Wye College, University of London, (2000).

Falin, C. L., Shewmaker,G. L.Hunter, A. and Hines,S. “Unconventional forage yield and quality: Extended grazing

potential”, Proceedings, Idaho Hay and Forage Conference, Burley, Idaho, UI Extension, pp. 21-27, (2012).

Aasen,A. and Baron,V. “Winter Cereals for Pasture”, Agri-Facts, Alberta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development

and Agri-Food Canada, Lacombe. Agdex 133:20-1, (1993).

Leaver, J.D. and Hill, J. “Feeding cattle on whole-crop cereal”, In Stark B.A and J.M. Wilkinson (eds) whole-crop

cereals. Second edition.Chalcobe Publication.pp: 59-72, (1992).

Eskandari,H., Ghanbari, A. andJavanmard, A. “Intercropping of cereals and legumes for forage production”, Not

SciBiol 1 (1): 07-13, (2009).

Hennessy,G. and Clements, B. “Cereals for grazing”, Primefact 720, New South Wales Department of Primary

Industries or the user’s independent adviser: pp. 1- 4,( 2009).

Mickan F. and Farran,T. “Cereals – Know when to cut: Making Cereal Silage”, Dairy Extension Centre,

collaboration between DPI, DI & PIRSA: pp.1-7, (2009). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-7506-8131-5.00001-3

Lithourgidis,A. S., Vasilakoglou, I. B., Dhima, K. V., Dordas, C. A. and Yiakoulaki, M. D. “Forage yield and

quality of common vetch mixtures with oat and triticale in two seeding ratios”, Field Crops Research 99, pp.

–113, (2006).

Rayburn, Ed. “Cut hay early to get the most out of plastic wrapping”, forage management, andWVU

Extension Service, (2003).

Mohyuddin,Z. “Association analysis of various agronomic traits in bread wheat”, M.Sc. (Hons.)

Agric.Thesis, Deptt.Pl. Br. Genet., Univ. Agri., Faisalabad, Pakistan (1995).

Ayup,M. A., Dewi,P. and Tanveer, A. “Forage yield and quality of barley as influenced by nitrogen application and

harvest dates”, Pakistan J. Biol. Sci., 2(4), pp. 1278-1282, (1999). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.1999.1278.1282

Weichenthal,B., David , B. and Vogel,K.P. “Annual forage production and quality trials”, Nebraska Beef Cattle

Reports. Paper 324. Animal Science Department, University of Nebraska – Lincoln: 26-28, (2001).

Wu,G-L.,Mei-Ru, W., Ting, G.,Tian-Ming H. andDavidson, G. “Effects of mowing utilization on forage yield and

quality in five oat varieties in alpine area of the eastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau”, African Journal of

Biotechnology: 9(4): 461-466, ( 2010).

Collar,C. , Wright,S., RobinsonP. and Putnam,D. “Effect of harvest timing on yield and quality of small grain

forage”, Proceedings, National Alfalfa Symposium, San Diego, CA, UC Cooperative Extension University of

California, Davis. (See http://alfalfa.ucdavis.edu for this and other proceedings), (2004).

Fohner, G. “Small grain cereal forages: Tips for evaluating varieties and test results”, Proceedings, Western Alfalfa

and Forage Conference, 11-13 December, Reno, NV, UC Cooperative Extension, University of California, Davis

, (2006).

Robertson, L. and Hazen, Wm. F. “Small grain cereals as forage”, a short report to the idaho hay growers

association on yield and quality of cereals as forage from 1993-1998, Published In: Proceedings, Idaho Alfalfa

and Forage Conference 24-25 February 2004, Twin Falls, ID, University of Idaho Cooperative Extension,(2004).

Firdous,R. and Gilani,A. H. “Changes in chemical composition of sorghum as influenced by growth stage and

cultivar”, University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(7):935-940, (2001). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.935

Kim,J.D. ,Kwon , C.H. and Kim,D.A. “Yield and quality of silage corn as affected by hybrid maturity, planting

date and harvest stage”, Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(12):1705-1711, (2001). DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2001.1705

Mut,Z., Ilknur, A. and Hanife,M. “Evaluation of forage yield and quality at two phonological stages of triticale

genotypes and other cereals grown under rainfed condition”, Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture,

OndokuzMayis University, Samsun, Turkey, Bangladesh J. Bot. 35(1), pp. 45-53, (2006).

Hsu,F.H.,Chang ,S.R. and Hong,K.Y. “Effect of Cutting Stage on Forage Yield and Quality of Nilegrass and

Pangolagrass”, Crop, Environment & Bioinformatics 2: 282-286, (2005).

Published

2015-06-25

How to Cite

Effect of different clipping times on forage quality of three cereal crops at two locations of sulaimani region. (2015). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 17(3), 245-254. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10418