Growth and root yield of carrot as affected by magnetic water and sowing times

Authors

  • Sawsan M. S. Ali Kanimarani Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Maqsood K. Abdulrahman Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, University of Salahaddin, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Hawraz P. Danha Agriculture Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10529

Keywords:

Carrot, Growth, Yield, Magnetic water, Sowing time

Abstract

This study examines effects of two sowing times (28/10 and 14/11 of 2014) and different
levels of magnetic treatment of irrigation (0, 2500, 5000gauss) on productivity and yield
of carrot plants. A pot experiment was conducted at the Agriculture Research Center,
Ministry of Agriculture in Kurdistan region-Iraq. This study was carried out during 28-10-
2014 and 14-5-2015 the two factor experiment was laid out in complete randomized
design with four replicates, each replicate contain three plants. Data were collected from
all plants at harvest time and statistically analyzed. Comparisons between means were
made by using least significant differences test (LSD) at 5% probability. Magnetized
water at the level of 2500gause caused the most significant effects on plant length
(55.58cm), root length (30.19cm), (root diameter (35.14mm) and root dry weight
(128.19gm). However, the sowing time 14/11 was more effective on plant length
(54.64cm) and vegetative growth fresh weight (17.64gm). While the longest root obtained
when the seeds sown in 28/10. On the other hand the interaction of 2500gauss and
4/11/2014 sowing time gave the maximum plant length, shoot fresh weight and root
diameter (59.67cm, 20.63 gm and 43.75mm respectively), but the longest root and highest
root fresh weight were found in the interaction of the same level of magnetic water with
28/10/2014 sowing time. The highest amount of the chlorophyll in the leaves (52.815%)
was measured from the interaction of 2500gauss magnetic water and 14/11/2014 sowing
time, and the best carotene content in the roots (3.427mg/ml) was obtained from
5000gauss magnetic water in the same sowing time.

References

Abdle-Mawly, S. E. “Groeth, yield, N uptake and water use efficiency of carrot (Daucus carota L.)

plants as influenced by irrigation level and nitrogen fertilization rate”, Ass. Univ. Bull. Env. Res.,

Vol.(7), No. 1,pp.111-122. (2004). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-7753(04)74159-7

Ali, M. K., Barkotulla, M. A. B., Alam, M. N. and Tawab, Kh. A. “Effect of nitrogen levels on yield and

yield contributing characters of three varieties of carrot”, Pakistan J. of Bio. Sci., Vol. (9), No.3,

pp.553- 557. (2006).

Balouchi, H.R. and Sanavy, S.A.M.M. “Electromagnetic field impact on annual medics and dodder seed

germination”, Int. Agrophysics, Vol.(23), pp. 111-115.(2009).

Carbonell, M. V., Martinez, E., Diaz, J. E., Amaya, J.M. and Florez, M., Influence of magnetically

treated water on germination of signal grass seeds, Seed Sci. and Technol.,Vol. (32), pp.617-619. (2004). DOI: https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2004.32.2.30

Goodwin, J. P. “Chemistry and Biochemistry of Plant Pigments” 2nd Ed. Academic Press, London, New

York, San Francisco, pp. 373. (1976).

Hamma, I. L., Ibrahim, U. and Haruna, M. “Effect of irrigation intervals and npk application on the

growth and yield of carrot (daucus carota l.) in samaru, kaduna state, Nigeria, Nigerian J. of Agr., Food

and Environment, Vol. (8), No.1, pp.59-62. (2012).

Hardin, J. A., Smith, M. W., Wecjier, P. R. and Cheary, B. S., “In situ measurement of pecan leaf

nitrogen concentration using a chlorophyll content and vis – near infrared multispectral camera” Hort.

Sci., Vol.(47), No.7, pp. 955 -960. (2012). DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.47.7.955

Hozayn, M., Abdel-Monem, A. A. and Abdul Qados, A. M.S., “Irrigation with magnetized water, a

novel tool for improving crop production in Egypt”, 15th International Water Technology Conference,

IWTC-15, Alexandria, Egypt.

Hozayn, M., Abdel-Monem, A. A., Abd El Raouf, R. E., and Abdalla, M. F., “Do magnetic water affect

water used efficiency, quality and yield of sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) plant under arid regions

conditions”, J. Agro., Vol. (12), No.1, pp.1-10.(2013).

Hozayn, M., Abdel-Monem, A. A. A., Elwia, T. A. and El-Shatar, M. M., “Future of magnetic

agriculture in arid and semi arid regions (case study)”, Scientific Papers. Series A. Agronomy, vol. (1),

No. 2, pp.197-204. (2014).

Husain, S. M. and Abbas, H., “The use of “structural water” in sprinkler and drip irrigation system.

International Symposium on prospects of horticultural industry in Pakistan”, Institute of Hort. Sci.,

University of Agriculture, Faisalabad. (2007).

Ilyas, M., Ayub , G., Ahmad, N., Osaid , I., Ullah, 1., Hassan, S. and Ullah, 1.R., “Effect of different

steckling size and phosphorous levels on seed production in carrot (Daucus carota L.”), Middle-East J.

of Scientific Research, Vol.(17), No. 3, pp. 280-286. (2013).

Lin, S., Chang,C., Hsu, S. and E. Huang, “The role of weather information on yield performance of

carrot production-empirical evidence form field data in yunlin county”, http://www.afita.org/graph/

web_ struct-ure/files/Seminar%20(16)-05. (2013). DOI: https://doi.org/10.4236/ns.2013.512A003

Manosa, N. A., “Influence of temperature on yield and quality of carrots (Daucus carota var. sativa)”,

MSc. thesis, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sci., University of The free state Bloemfontein. (2011).

Markwell, J., Osterman, C. and Mitchel, J. I., “Calibration in the minolta SPAD – 502 leaf chlorophyll

meter”, Kluwer Acad. Publ. photosynthesis researchs J., Vol. (46), pp. 467 – 472. (1995). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00032301

Mog, B., Effect of organics and biofertilizers on productivity potential in carrot (Daucus carota L.).

MSc.theses, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sci., Dharwad. (2007).

Mostafazadeh, F.B., Khoshravesh, M., Mousavi, S. and Kiani, A., “Effects of magnetized water on soil

sulphate ions in trickle irrigation” 2nd International Conference on Environmental Engineering and

Applications, IACSIT Press, Singapore, IPCBEE Vol.(17). (2011).

A.M., Khalf, S.M., El-Satar, A. and Shalaby, O.A., “Effect of Magnetic Field Treatments for Seeds and

Irrigation Water as Well as N, P and K Levels on Productivity of Tomato Plants”, J. Applied Sci. Res.,

Vol.(8), No.4, pp. 2088-2099. (2012).

Rakhman-zada,Y.Z.. Rizaev, N. U. and Yusipov, M. M., “Intensification of the extraction of medicinal

plant materials in an electromagnetic field. Pharmac”, Chem. J. Vol. (6), No.12, pp.789-791. (1972). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00771389

Sadhu, M.K., “Root Crops, Vegetable Crops” 2nd Ed. Naya Prokash. Calcutta India, pp. 470-578. (1993).

SAS, Statistical analysis system institute, cary NC, USU. (2005).

Wien, H. C., “The Physiology of Vegetable Crops”, CABI Publishing, University. Cambridge, pp. 122. (1999).

Published

2016-09-20

How to Cite

Growth and root yield of carrot as affected by magnetic water and sowing times. (2016). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 18(3), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10529

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>