Influence of Dietaries Combined Vitamin E and Selenium Powder on Eggs' Fertility and Hatchability in Japanese Quail
Keywords:Quail, Fertility, Hatchability, Vitamin E and Selenium
This study was conducted at the Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Kalar Technical College, Veterinary Techniques Department, and animal management farm. The objective of the present study was to show the effect of adding different levels of vitamin E and inorganic Selenium (Sodium selenite) on the fertility and hatchability of Japanese quail from Apr 15 2021 to Jul 15 2021. A total number of 128 birds at 12 weeks old Japanese quail (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) were used (96 females and 32 males). These birds were randomly divided into four dietary treatment groups (T); each group was equally subdivided into 8 replicate boxes; each replicate box consisted of 1 male (8 males per group) and 3 females (24 females per group). The quails were housed in vertical boxes and raised under similar environmental, managerial, and veterinarian conditions. The four experimental diets were: 0 = the basal diet (control) with no additions, T1 = 1.0 g vitamin E + selenium mixture/kg diet, T2 = 1.5 g vitamin E + selenium mixture/kg diet, T3 = 2 g vitamin E + Selenium mixture/kg diet. The results showed that the quail birds that were fed supplemented diet with vitamin E + selenium had significantly (P<0.05) higher results in fertility and hatchability, and the study indicated a lower significant effect (P < 0.05) in embryonic mortality of eggs and higher significant increments (P < 0.05) in hatchability of Vitamin E+ Selenium supplemented in T2 with females fed as compared with other treatments and control groups. In conclusion, supplementation of vitamin E +selenium to quail diets is an ameliorative tool in fertility and hatchability traits of Japanese quail.
Rengaraj D., & Hong Y. (2015). Effects of dietary vitamin e on fertility functions in poultry species, International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 16: 9910-9921.
Chatterjea, M. (2009). Textbook of biochemistry. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd. (2nd ed.). New Delhi – India. Available at: https://www.biblio.com/book/textbook-biochemistry-dental-nursing-pharmacy-students/d/1278921073
Sastry, K. (2008). Animal physiology and biochemistry. New Delhi – India, printed at capital offset press. 136-137,170.
Traber, M. (1999). Vitamin E. in modern nutrition in health and disease. (9th ed.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: Baltimore, MD. 347–362.
Tengerdy, R. (1989). Vitamin E, immune response, and disease resistance. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 570 (1), 335–344.
Combs G. (1981). Assessment of vitamin E status in animals and man. Proceedings of Nutrition Society, 40 (2), 187–194.
Crawford, R. (1990). Origins and history of poultry species. In: Crawford, R. D., Ed., Poultry Breeding and Genetics, Elsevier Amsterdam. 1-141.
Naji, S. A. H., Al-Kassie, G. A., Abdulrahman Y. K., & Al-khalidi, A. (2015). Commercial quail production manual. IPPA and IPSA, Baghdad, Iraq, 1-2. Applied Animal Science 5 (4), 927.
Amen, M. H. M. and Al-Daraji, H. J. (2011). Effect of Dietary supplementation with different levels of zinc on sperm egg penetration and fertility traits of broiler breeder chicken. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10 (11), 1083-1088.
SPSS. (2016). Statistics analysis data program. IBM. version 24.
Oso, A. O., Lala, O. A., Oke, E. O., Williams, G. A., Taiw, A. G., & Ogunsola, Z. O. (2020). Effects of dietary supplementation with vitamin e, selenium yeast or both on egg incubation response, embryonic development, keet quality, and posthatch growth of helmeted guinea fowl breeders. Tropical Animal Health and Production 52 (5), 2667-2675.
Chitra, P. (2018). Effect Of Dietary Vitamin E and organic selenium supplementation on reproductive performance of japanese quail breeders. Indian Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Research, 47 (6), 27-36.
Abedi, P., Vakili, S. T., Mamouei, M. & Aghaei, (2016). Effect of different levels of dietary vitamin e on reproductive and productive performances in japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica)" Veterinary Research Forum, 8 (4), 353-359.
Surai, P. F., Fisinin, V. I. & Karadas, F. (2016). Antioxidant systems in chick embryo development. Part 1. Vitamin E carotenoids and selenium. Animal Nutrition 2 (1), 1-11.
Mobaraki, M. A. & Shahryar, H. A. (2015). The impact of different levels of vitamin e and selenium on the performance, quality and the hatchability of eggs from breeding japanese quails. Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 5 (4), 927-932.
Ali, U., Khan, S., Rafiullah, Chand, N., Shah, Z. A., Akhtar, A. & Tanweer, A. J. (2013). Effect of male to female ratio and vitamin E selenium on fertility, hatchability and hatched chick weight of quail breeders. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 29 (3), 441-447.
Liya, F. N., Piliang, W. G., & Yusuf, T. L. (2012). Effect of supplementation of organic selenium and vitamin ein commercial diets on quails reproduction. Proceeding of the 2nd International Seminar on Animal Industry, Jakarta, 5-6 July.
Hohtola, E. (2002). Facultative and obligatory thermogenesis in young birds: a cautionary note. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 131 (4), 733-739.
Surai, P. F., Speake, B., Noble, R. & Mezes, M. (1999d). Species-Specific Differences In The Fatty Acid Profiles Of The Lipids Of The Yolk And Of The Liver Of The Chick. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 79 (5): 733-736.
Speake, B. K., Murray, A. M. B., & Noble, R. C. (1998). Transport and transformation of yolk lipids during development of the avian embryo. Progress In Lipid Research, 37 (1), 1-32.
Surai, P. F., Noble, R. C., & Speake, B. K. (1996). Tissue-specific differences in antioxidant distribution and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation during the development of the chick embryo, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta,1304 (1), 1-10.
Surai, P. F.(1999a). Tissue-specific changes in the activities of antioxidant enzymes during the development of the chicken embryo. British Poultry Science, 40 (3), 397-405.
Surai, P. F., Speake, B. K., Wood, N. A. R., Blount, J. D., Bortolotti, GR. & Sparks, N. H. C. (2001d). Carotenoid discrimination by the avian embryo: a lesson from wild birds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B., 128 (4),743-50.
Surai, P. F., Noble, R. C. & Speake, B. K. (1999b). Relationship between vitamin E content and susceptibility to lipid peroxidation in tissues of the newly hatched chick. British Poultry Sciences 40 (3), 406-410.
Surai, A. P., Surai, P. F., Steinberg, W., Wakeman, W. G., Speake, B. K. & Sparks, N. H. C. (2003). Effect of canthaxanthin content of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the developing chick. British Poultry Sciences, 44 (4), 612-619.
Surai, P. F. (2012a). The antioxidant properties of canthaxanthin and its potential effects in the poultry eggs and on embryonic development of the chick, Part 1. World's Poultry Sciences Journal, 68 (3), 465-475.
Surai,P. F., & Fisinin, V. I. (2014). Selenium in poultry breeder nutrition. An update. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 191:1-15.
Surai, P. F. (2000). Effect of the selenium and vitamin E content of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the yolk and the developing chick. British Poultry Sciences, 41 (2), 235-243.
Surai, P. F. (2006). Selenium in nutrition and health. Nottingham",UK: Nottingham University Press.
Surai, P. F. (2002a). Natural antioxidants in avian nutrition and reproduction. Nottingham, UK: Nottingham University Press.
Surai, P. F., Bortolotti, G. R., Fidgett, A., Blount, J. & Speake, B. K. (2001a). Effects of piscivory on the fatty acid profiles and antioxidants of avian yolk: studies on eggs of the gannet, skua, pelican and cormorant. Journal of Zoology, 255 (3), 305-312.
Surai, P. F. (201b). The antioxidant properties of canthaxanthin and its potential effects in the poultry eggs and on embryonic development of the chick. Part 2. World's Poultry Sciences Journal, 68 (4), 717-726.
Surai, P. F. (2002b). Selenium in poultry nutrition: a new look at an old element. 1. Antioxidant properties, deficiency and toxicity. World's Poultry Sciences Journal, 58 (3), 333-347.
Surai, P. F. (2002c). Selenium in poultry nutrition: a new look at an old element. 2. Reproduction, egg and meat quality and practical applications. World's Poultry Sciences Journal, 58 (4), 431-50.
Surai, P. F. (2014). Polyphenol compounds in the chicken/animal diet: from the past to thefuture. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 98 (1), 19-31.
Urso, U. R. A., Dahlke, F., Maiorka, A., Bueno, I. J.M., Schneider, A. F., Surek, D. & Rocha, C. (2015). Vitamin E and selenium in broiler breeder diets: Effect on live performance, hatching process, and chick quality. Poultry Sciences, 94 (5), 976–983.
Kling, L. J. & Soares, J. H. (1980). Vitamin E deficiency in the Japanese quail. Poultry Sciences, 59 (10), 2352-2354.
Franchini, A., Bergonzoni, M. L., Melotti, C. & Minelli, G. (2001). The effects of dietary supplementation with high dose of vitamin E and C on the quality traits of chicken semen. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde, 65 (2), 76-81. DOI: 10.1399/eps.2022.350, Cited in Poultry Abstract, (2001) 27(9).
Shinkareva, O. & Trifonov, G. (2003). Effect of selenium containing preparations on blood parameters and egg productivity of layer. Zhivotnov dni Nauki, 40: 91-93.
Cantor, A. H., Moorhead, P. D. & Brown, K. I. (1978). Influence of dietary selenium upon reproductive performance of male and female breeder turkey. Poultry Sciences, 57 (5), 1337-1345.
Hassan, S. (1990). Influence of dietary sodium selenite and barley selenium on the performance of laying hens and their subsequent progeny. Acta Agriculturoe Scandinavica, 40 (3), 267-278.
Hossain, S. M., Barreto, S. L., Bertechini, A. G., Rios, A. M .& Silva, C. G. (1998). Influence of dietary vitamin E on egg production of broiler breeders, and on growth and immune response of progeny in comparison with the progeny from egg injected with vitamin E. Animal Feed Sciences and Technology, 73 (3-4), 307–317.
Gajčević, Z., Kralik,G., Has-Schön, E. & Pavić,V. (2009). Effects of organic selenium supplemented to layer diet on table egg freshness. Italian Journal of Animal Scieneces, 8 (2), 189-199.
Paton, N. D., Cantor, A. H., Pescatore, A. J., Ford, M. J., & Smith, C. A. (2002). The effect of dietary selenium source and level on the uptake of selenium by developing chick embryos. Poultry Sciences, 81 (10), 1548–1554.
Castrovilli, C., Bava, L. & Toschi, I. (2001). Feeding effects on cock semen quality. Rivista di Avicoltura, 70: 51-54.
Cantor, A. H. & Scott, M. L. (1974). The effect of selenium in the hens' diet on egg production, hatchability, the performance of progeny and selenium concentration in eggs. Poultry Sciences, 53 (5), 1870-1880.
Latshaw, J. D., Ort, J. F. & Diesem, C. D. (1977). The selenium requirements of the hen and effects of a deficiency. Poultry Sciences, 56 (6), 1876-1881.
Ganpule, S. P. & Manjunatha, B. P. (2003). Antioxidant nutrition starts with breeders. Feed mixure, 11: 14-16.
Copyright (c) 2022 Mohmood H. M. Ameen, Mohammed A. Wahhab & Mohammed Th. Kareem
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.