Indications and Neonatal Outcomes of Caesarean Delivery among Women Attending Maternity Teaching Hospital, Sulaimaniyah City, Iraq


  • Gona Othman Faris Maternal Neonate Nursing Department, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author



Indications, neonatal outcomes, emergency caesarean delivery, labour failure, descriptive cross-sectional study


Background: Cesarean section is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in obstetrics, defined as the birth of a fetus via a surgically created incision in the anterior uterine wall. Over the past two decades, there has been a steady rise in the rate of cesarean section delivery globally. As a result, short-term and long-term maternal and neonatal complications are rising.


Objective: This study aimed to investigate the indications and neonatal outcomes of CS among women attending the Maternity Teaching Hospital in Sulaimaniyah city, Iraq.


Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional research was performed on 100 women from 12th December 2021 to 12th April 2022.


Results: Among participants, 50% were aged >30 years, and three-quarters were housewives. Nearly half of the mothers were multigravida and multipara, in which 64% were emergency, but only 10% underwent CS after delivery induction failure. The utmost common indications of CS were preeclampsia (16%), followed by meconium-stained liquor (12%), non-reassuring fetal heart rate pattern (10%), malpresentation, malposition, and previous C/S (8%). In most newborn babies, Apgar score level was seven and <7 minutes.


Conclusions: Most CS were emergency and performed for babies at full and post-term. NICU admission was associated with a low Apgar score, respiratory distress syndrome and all indications of CS.


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How to Cite

Indications and Neonatal Outcomes of Caesarean Delivery among Women Attending Maternity Teaching Hospital, Sulaimaniyah City, Iraq. (2023). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 25(1), 11.