Pregnant Women's Knowledge Regarding Healthy Nutrition During Pregnancy at Shahid Hama Rash Primary Health Center, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq

Authors

  • Shwan Assad Qadir Department of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Mahabat Hassan Saeed Department of Maternal Neonate Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Cheeman Salih Kakabra Department of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Livyar Latif Ahmad Department of Community Health Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10893

Keywords:

Knowledge, pregnant women, healthy nutrition, primary health center

Abstract

Background: In the antenatal period, the nutritional demand of women upsurges to compensate for physiological and psychological changes and nutritional computations by the growing fetus for energy, macro, and micronutrients. Nutrition knowledge is essential in conscious of ample nutrition intake among pregnant women.

 

Objective: This study aimed to assess pregnant women’s knowledge of healthy nutrition.

 

Materials and Methods: The non-probability convenient method was used as the sampling technique in this descriptive study. The process of data collection was continued from 26th July 2022 to 26th September 2022. A hundred women were selected from Shahid Hama Rash Primary Health Center, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq. A well-designed questionnaire was constructed, in which its first part includes sociodemographic characteristics and the second part includes questions regarding participants' knowledge.

 

Results: We showed that 82% of participants had good knowledge, as well as 18% of them, had fair knowledge regarding healthy nutrition. At the same time, none of the pregnant women had poor knowledge.

 

Conclusions: We concluded that most study participants had good knowledge, and no significant association was found between knowledge of pregnant mothers and their sociodemographic variables.

References

Samuels L., Nakstad B., Roos N., Bonell A., Chersich M. & Havenith G. (2022). Physiological mechanisms of the impact of heat during pregnancy and the clinical implications: review of the evidence from an expert group meeting. International Journal of Biometeorology. 66, 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00484-022-02301-6

Dalugoda Y., Kuppa J., Phung H., Rutherford S. & Phung D. (2022). Effect of Elevated Ambient Temperature on Maternal, Foetal, and Neonatal Outcomes: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 19(3), 1771. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031771

de Seymour J.V., Beck K.L. & Conlon C.A. (2022). Nutrition in pregnancy. Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogrm.2022.08.007

Bryce E., Katz J., Heidkamp R., Lama T.P., Khatry S.K., LeClerq S. & Munos M. (2022). Validation of maternal report of nutrition‐related interventions and counselling during antenatal care in southern Nepal. Maternal & Child Nutrition. 18(2), e13303. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.13303

Moran-Lev H., Bauer S., Farhi A., Nehama H., Yerushalmy-Feler A., Mandel D. & Lubetzky R. (2019). Nutrition and the use of supplements in women during pregnancy: A cross-sectional survey. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. 40(2), 231-240. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119833857

Gezimu W., Bekele F. & Habte G. (2022). Pregnant mothers’ knowledge, attitude, practice and its predictors towards nutrition in public hospitals of Southern Ethiopia: A multicenter cross-sectional study. SAGE Open Medicine. 10:1-10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/20503121221085843

Narayanan S., Lentz E., Fontana M. & Kulkarni B. (2022). Rural women’s empowerment in nutrition: A framework linking food, health and institutions. The Journal of Development Studies. 58(1), 1-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.2021.1961746

Jouanne M., Oddoux S., Noël A. & Voisin-Chiret A.S. (2021). Nutrient requirements during pregnancy and lactation. Nutrients. 13(2), 692. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020692

Daba G., Beyene F., Fekadu H. & Garoma W. (2013). Assessment of knowledge of pregnant mothers on maternal nutrition and associated factors in Guto Gida Woreda, East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences. 3(6), 1000235. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/star.v2i3.98748

Sanyogita S. & Deepti S. (2019). Knowledge, attitude, practice and determining factors regarding nutrition during pregnancy among females of rural Punjab. International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health. 6(7), 2874-2478. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20192818

AlAbedi G.A., Arar A. & Radhi T.A. (2019). Assessment of Knowledge for Pregnant Women toward Risk of Pregnancy in Al-Amara Primary Health Care Centers at Southern of Iraq. Indian Journal of Public Health. 10(6), 57-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2019.01401.3

Lim Z., Wong J., Lim P. & Soon L. (2018). Knowledge of nutrition during pregnancy and associated factors among antenatal mothers. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences. 5(1), 117-128.

Hassoon S.M. & Zeidan M.A.K. (2020). Effects of Nutrition Education on Pregnancy Nutrition Knowledge and Practice among Pregnant Women in Baghdad City. Medico-Legal Update. 20(4), 833-837.

Manaf Z.A., Johari N., Mei L.Y., Yee N.S., Yin C.K. & Teng L.W. (2014). Nutritional status and nutritional knowledge of Malay pregnant women in selected private hospitals in Klang Valley. Journal of Sains Kesihat Malaysia. 12, 53-62. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17576/JSKM-2015-1202-08

Masuku S.K. & Lan S.J.J. (2014). Nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practices among pregnant and lactating women living with HIV in the Manzini region of Swaziland. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition. 32(2), 261-269.

Singh A.K., Malhotra B., Mohan S.K. & Joshi A. (2015). Evaluation of dietary choices, preferences, knowledge and related practices among pregnant women living in an Indian setting. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research: JCDR. 9(8), LC04.

Published

2023-06-20

How to Cite

Pregnant Women’s Knowledge Regarding Healthy Nutrition During Pregnancy at Shahid Hama Rash Primary Health Center, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq. (2023). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 25(1), 8. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10893