The prevalence of pulp stones in the Kurdish population as a diagnostic tool in endodontic prognosis using Digital Orthopantomograph

Authors

  • Azhar Ghanim Ahmed Dental Basic Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Ranj Adil Jalal Oral Diagnosis Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Mohammed Abdalla Mahmood Dental Basic Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Rukhosh Hasan Abdalrahim Dental Basic Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10928

Keywords:

Pulp stone, orthopantomograph, endodontic prognosis, Kurdish population

Abstract

Background:
Pulp stones (PSs) are calcified masses, found commonly in dental pulps of healthy, diseased, and even unerupted teeth.

Objectives:
Our study aims to determine the prevalence of PS in Kurdish adults using an orthopantomograph (OPG) and investigate the relationships between PSs with sex, age, tooth type, and dental arch/side.

Patients and Methods:
We examined 1,170 digital OPGs from Kurdish patients at the private Maxillofacial Radiology Center in Sulaimaniyah City, Iraq, were taken for various purposes between January and July 2023. A total of 31,598 teeth were examined to identify PSs. We collected patient data and determined correlations between the presence of PSs and various patient variables.

Results:
About 242 (20.68%) patients and 471 (1.49%) teeth had at least one stone. The prevalence of PS in the Kurdish population was 20.68% based on the total number of patients examined and it was 1.49% based on the total teeth examined. The PS frequently was found in those aged 45 years and more (50%) and the PS prevalence was higher in females (61%) than males (39%). The maxillary dental arches and molar teeth had the highest frequency of PS (p=0.000).

Conclusions:
In the Kurdish population, the prevalence of PSs was moderately high, particularly among females. PSs were most frequent in the maxillary arch and first molars, with incidence increasing with age.

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Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

The prevalence of pulp stones in the Kurdish population as a diagnostic tool in endodontic prognosis using Digital Orthopantomograph. (2023). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 25(2), 9. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10928