The prevalence of pulp stones in the Kurdish population as a diagnostic tool in endodontic prognosis using Digital Orthopantomograph


  • Azhar Ghanim Ahmed Dental Basic Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Ranj Adil Jalal Oral Diagnosis Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Mohammed Abdalla Mahmood Dental Basic Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Rukhosh Hasan Abdalrahim Dental Basic Sciences Department, College of Dentistry, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author



Pulp stone, orthopantomograph, endodontic prognosis, Kurdish population


Pulp stones (PSs) are calcified masses, found commonly in dental pulps of healthy, diseased, and even unerupted teeth.

Our study aims to determine the prevalence of PS in Kurdish adults using an orthopantomograph (OPG) and investigate the relationships between PSs with sex, age, tooth type, and dental arch/side.

Patients and Methods:
We examined 1,170 digital OPGs from Kurdish patients at the private Maxillofacial Radiology Center in Sulaimaniyah City, Iraq, were taken for various purposes between January and July 2023. A total of 31,598 teeth were examined to identify PSs. We collected patient data and determined correlations between the presence of PSs and various patient variables.

About 242 (20.68%) patients and 471 (1.49%) teeth had at least one stone. The prevalence of PS in the Kurdish population was 20.68% based on the total number of patients examined and it was 1.49% based on the total teeth examined. The PS frequently was found in those aged 45 years and more (50%) and the PS prevalence was higher in females (61%) than males (39%). The maxillary dental arches and molar teeth had the highest frequency of PS (p=0.000).

In the Kurdish population, the prevalence of PSs was moderately high, particularly among females. PSs were most frequent in the maxillary arch and first molars, with incidence increasing with age.


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How to Cite

The prevalence of pulp stones in the Kurdish population as a diagnostic tool in endodontic prognosis using Digital Orthopantomograph. (2023). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 25(2), 9.