Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Characterization and Management of Uterine Leiomyoma

Authors

  • Surala Qadr Mahmood Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. & Department of Radiology, Hiwa Hematology/Oncology Hospital, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Kawa Abdulla Mahmood Department of Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author
  • Nyan Mustafa Muhamad Department of Radiology, Shar Teaching Hospital, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10941

Keywords:

Contrast, degeneration, enhancement, heterogeneous, homogenous, leiomyoma, MRI

Abstract

Background: The most frequent benign disease affecting women of reproductive age is uterine leiomyoma. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is the current state of art imaging modality for localization and characterization.

 

Objective: To determine the relevance of MRI in the Characterization and management of leiomyoma and to analyze clinical practice advantages of MRI findings.

 

Patients and Methods: This study included 50 individuals with uterine fibroids detected By trans-abdominal or trans-vaginal US. MRI was done to confirm, characterize and pinpoint their exact location and any abnormal characterization.

 

Results: There was a significant (p≤0.05) association between the impression of fibroid (non-degenerated, degenerated leiomyoma), post-gadolinium enhancement of fibroid and histopathological findings. There was no significant relationship between MRI (T1-weighted image) results, and MRI (T2-weighted image), their histological findings, and management.

 

Conclusions: leiomyomas can provide a standard signal during MR imaging, but larger tumour may display a variety of degeneration patterns that significantly alter the look of the lesion. MRI provide better fibroid characterization, helps differentiate degenerated from non-degenerated leiomyoma and guides in choosing safe and better management procedure.

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Published

2023-12-20

How to Cite

Role of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Characterization and Management of Uterine Leiomyoma. (2023). Journal of Zankoy Sulaimani - Part A, 25(2), 11. https://doi.org/10.17656/jzs.10941

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